Cosgrove - Philip Riden research notes for Cleley Hundred

These research notes are held at the Northamptonshire Record Office. There more notes available for the other villages in the Cleley Hundred.

Henry II [1133-1189]

Baker, ii. 130

In hidarium of Henry II Robert Ryvell or Revell was returned to hold in Cosgrove eight small virgates, William le Brun six small virgates, and one Adam nine small virgates. [a varying measure of land, typically 30 acres.]

Pipe R. 1162-3 (Pipe R. Soc.) 41.

1162-3

The sheriff (Hugh Gobion) renders account of half a mark for the farm of Couesgraua. In the tresasury 5s. 4d. and in pardon by royal writ of William Mauduit 16d.

Pipe R. 1175-6 (Pipe R. Soc.) 51.

1175-6

William de Couesgraua accounts for 40s of fines of the forest. He has paid 20s. into the treasury and owes 20s.

Feet of Fines (Pipe Roll Soc.). 213

1199

20 January 1199. Final concord in the king’s court at Northampton between Roger son of Walter, and Gunnild, his mother over one virgate in Colesgraue. The concord states that Roger shall give his mother the western half of the virgate, and Gunnild shall do Roger service for the half virgate. After her death all the land shall remain with Roger and his heirs.

NRO FH 154     Mill  1211 – 12                     

Fine, 13 John (1211 – 12), between Robert Maudit pet., and Roger Miller (Molindinarium) ten., concerning two mills with appurtenances in Hanslap, and of one MILL with appurtenances in Cosgrove, of which plea was made between them in the same court, viz that the aforesaid Roger acknowledgde the aforesaid three mills with their appurtenances to be of the right of the said Robert.  And for this Robert granted to Roger the aforesaid three mills with all their appurtenances.  And further granted to the same Roger one other mill in Hanslap, viz.  That mill which is between the fish pond and Harshull with pasture extending etc., and one croft extending etc to have and to hold to the said Roger and Robert his eldest son for the whole of their lives of the same Robert [Maudit] and his heirs for the free service of 100s yearly for all services and exactions etc.

The Beauchamp Cartulary Charters 1110 – 1268, 126 (no 217)    Mill 1219   

Quitclaim by Robert, son of Roger the miller of Hanslope, to the king’s chamberlain Robert Maudit (II), in return for his aid and maintenance, of an agreement Robert (II) had made with Roger in the king’s court, concerning four mills which he held of Robert (II) in Hanslope and Cosgrove, 24 June 1219.

Note: by a concord 2 Nov 1211 Robert Maudit (II) granted three mills in Hanslope and one in Cosgrove to Roger and his oldest son Robert for their lifetimes, by free service of 100s yearly (CP 25(I), 173/13, no 236). See no 214 here.

Editor had translated quitclaimor’s as above from “Robert filium Rogeri molendinarii de Hamslap”, Robert also called Roberty molendinarii elsewhere in charter.

Beauchamp Cartulary (PRS n.s 43). 126   Mill 1219      

1219  24 June. Quitclaim by Robert, son of Roger the miller of Hanslope. To Robert II Maudit, in return for his aid and maintenance of an agreement Robert II had made with Roger concerning 4 mills which he held of Robert II in Hanslope and Cosgrove.

The Beauchamp Cartulary Charters 1110 – 1268, 126 (no 217 - 18)    Mill 1219   

Calendar: Grant by the king’s chamberlain Robert Maudit (II) to Joh le Brun of Cosgrove of the mill there with its messuage and a river meadow in Cottesmore (Rutland). 1219 x 1222.

Text: Grant to John le Brun of Cosgrove, for his homage and service, of the mill of Cosgrove, with mess., which belongs to the said mill, and the holme and meadow in Kutesmor, which Roger the miller held in the time of King John father of King Henry. Rent 40s a year.

Dating note – later than no 217.

Kutesmor has been calendared as Cottesmore, but from context looks like the name of a meadow in Cosgrove.

Cur. Reg. R. XI. 243

1223

Agreement between Robert de Haleboht and his wife Matilda, and Alan son of John and his wife Ala. Concerning two virgates in Couesgrave, that is that the same Alan and Ala concede the same Robert and Matilda one virgate and one messuage of the aforesaid two virgate, that is, the same virgate held by William son of Walter, and the messuage which lies between the land of Brain de Couesgraue and Jordan.
Moreover the same Alan and Ala have given Robert and Matilda half the wood to the west to have and to hold of the said Alan and Ala and their heirs for the service of a fortieth of a knight’s fee.

Cur. Reg R. XI. 454. 556

1224

Agnes who was the wife of Hugh de Stratford, obtains a quarter day against Alan de Stratford for her plea of the third messuage in Stratford, against le Vilur for the third of  a messuage and half an acre of land in the same village, against Richard de Pokel for the third of five messuages in the same village, against Gilbert the chaplain for the third of one messuage and an acre of land in Pockel and against Thomas le Lu for the third of one acre of land in Couesgrave, which she claims as her dower.

Cur. Reg. R. XII. 515

1226

Petition by John the clerk of Couesgrave and his wife Rosa as to why Hugh Revel has not held the fine made by charter of the gift in marriage of three and a half virgates in Couesgrave to Rosa and her heirs. Concord agreed that the heirs of john and Rosa shall hold the land from the aforesaid Hugh for the service of a quarter of a knight’s fee.

Cur. Reg. R. XIII, 291-2

1229

Petition by Hugh Revel against Hugh Coco and Agnes his wife and Alice her sister as to why they have not held to the fine made in the court of King Henry by Robert Revel, father of the aforesaid Hugh, and William son of Hugh, father of the aforesaid Agnes and Alice, whose heirs they are, over the three virgates and twenty acres and eight acres of fields in Pokesle and Couesgrave The aforesaid Hugh. Agnes and Alice question Hugh Revel as to why he has asserted the wood in which they have husbote and heybote. Hugh Revel concedes to Hugh. Agnes and Alice heybote and husbote as long as the wood stands.

Close R. 1237-42. 60

1238

John de Hamslap, held in prison by the sheriff of Northampton gives securities for his release in the case of the disseisin of John, son of John, of three foot of land in Cosgrave.

Book of Fees, II.935

1243

The Master of the Hospital of St John in Northampton and Alan de Tiffeud hold in Tiffeud 1 small fee with 1 virgate of land and a half which Walter de Fortho held in Kouesgrave

Close R. 1254-6. 383.

1255

Stephen Attewells and his wife Reyne petitions for his land in Couesgrave by default of William Attewells and his wife Sarre.

Harl. Ch. 85 B 8, 15, 16.

1216x72. Grant by Henry [de Auviters], clerk of Cosgrove, to Biddlesden Abbey, of half an acre of land in the field of Cosgrove in Stansifurlong, near to the royal road and next to the land which the monks had from William de Forho.

1216x72. Grant by Henry to Biddlesden of one acre of land in the field of Cosgrove, in Stansilfurlong, near to the royal road and next to the land given by William Forho, which extends to Cuthelbroch' and Deptford.

1216x72. Matilda, former wife of Henry, clerk of Cosgrove quitclaims any rights in the acre of land granted by Henry to Biddlesden abbey.

Rot. Hund. (Roc. Com.). 11

1275

King Henry III gave the ploughland of twenty acres called Bourne to Adam Le Fletcher of Couesgrave for two shillings per annum. It was held before that by Beatricia after the death of her husband, Alan Balun.

1275

June 10 Order to the escheater on the this side of the Trent to take into the king’s hands the lands of Adam le Fletcher of Cosgrave, late tenant-in-chief.

1275

Rot. Hund. (Rec. Com.), 11

1275. The fee of Robert Rivel (except the demesne of Robert Rivel), the fee of Berevil' in Conesgrave (which concern twenty and a half virgates), the tenement of Hugh of Stratford and the tenement of John of Hulcote which were accustomed to make suit in the hundred court were withdrawn twenty years ago without warrant.

1275

Rot. Hund. (Rec. Com.), 11

1275. The Earl of Cornwall and his father have held estreats of writs, pleas of vee de naam and assize of bread and ale in Covesgrave for the last thirty years.

1275

Rot. Hund. (Rec. Com.), 11

1275. The Earl of Leicester has held the liberties of Covesgrave for the last twenty years

Cal. Fine R 1272-1307. 48

NRO  F.X.3              Econ Hist     Mill   c1275 – 1300     DSCF6553

*Robert of the Mill(s) of Cosgrove to Adam le Coupere of Fortho for homage, service and a mark, of a place of land with curtilage and croft in Fortho in Cleycroft stretching from the king’s highway into the breach between land of the same Adam and land once of Agnes de Chayne, and a gore with ditches and living trees, abutting in Luttlehull, stretching to le Broc, between the king’s highway and land of Agnes de Cheyne.

Also noted uner Firtho, Misc Deeds.

*Rob de Molend’ de Couesgrave and Robt Molendine

NRO, F.X.4.

c.1275-1300

Alexander de Cheyne to Richard de Lyvende and Murial his wife for service and 10s. of a rood in Furtho lying in the furlong called Littlehul between land of the church of Furtho and of Robert the miller of Cosgrove, in breath stretching to the headland of John de Brochole.

1315

Baker, ii, 130

In 9 Edw. II (1315) Henry Spigurnell was certified to be lord of Cosgrove.

Cardigan MSS, Nom. Vil. P. 9.

1317

Abbrev Plac. (Rec. Com.). 328

Michaelmas 1317. Remittance by Henry de Spigurnell, lord of Covesgrave, of rents and services owed by Alexander de Stokehamund.

NRO, F.X.10

1320

1 Jan 1320. William de Lillingston, chaplain, to Peter de Livenden and Edith his wife of 2 selions of land lying together in the field of Cosgrove in a furlong called le Brech between land of John de Tingewich on both sides, abutting at once on the Northampton road and at the other on a headland of Nicholas of the Mill of Cosgrove which he has by the gift of Geoffery son of John le Mason of Eastpury.

1321

30 Jan. 1321. Nichols of the Mill(s) of Cosgrove to Peter de Lyvedene of Furtho and Edith his wife of 5 selions of arable in a furlong called Cleycroft in the parish of Furtho, 3 selions together lying between the land of Peter de Liveden and of Nicholas de Liveden, which he holds for the life of John de Tyngewyk, and 2 selions lying together also next land of Nicholas de Liveden. For life of grantees, for 1d at Michaelmas.

NRO, F.X.14

1323

6 Feb. 1323. Robert Koc of Hulcote and Sara his wife to Peter de Liveden and Edith his wife, of a messuage in Furtho, half a messuage once of Adam le Coupere and a selion of land abutting on same in le Couperscroft, which half a curtilage which Adam had by grant of Robert of the Mill, the messuage lying between tenement of Nicholas of the Mill and one of Isolda sister of Sarra

NRO, F.X.15

1323

22 Feb. 1323. Isolda le Coupre of Furtho to Peter Liveden of Furtho and Edith his wife. Messuage in Furtho, viz. half a messuage once Adam le Coupere my father and a selion of land abutting on same in Couperes croft, croft, with half a curtilage which Adam had by grant of Robert of the Mill of Cosgrove, messuage, between messuage of Peter and ten. of henry lord of Furtho.

PRO, CP 25/1/176/71/486

1326

Fine. Octave of Hilary 19 Edw. II. John son of John son of John de Cosgrove and Alice his wife quer. and John son of John of Cosgrove and Sarah his wife deft. Two mess., 60a. lx. land, 4a. meadow, 6a. pasture, id. rent and rent of one rose in Cosgrove and Furtho. To hold to John and Alice of John and Sarah for ever. Rent one rose. If John and Alice die without heirs to remain to John and Sarah and the heirs of the same John.

1328

Cal. Close  R. 1327-30. 344-5.

1328. 21 October. Order to Simon de Bereford, escheator this side of the Trent to deliver to Sara, widow of Henry de Spigurnel, lands held by the late Henry of the heir of the Earl of Warwick. a minor in the king's wardship, that is the manor of Cosgrove. 10 messuages. 8 virgates of land, 4 acres of meadow, 12 acres of wood and 61s 8d of rent in Cosgrave and Pokesle.
Note see below:  that Henry de Spigurnel also held various lands of other lords, including other land in Cosgrove and Forthe and Pokesle.

1328

Baker, ii. 130

Henry Spigurnell . 2 Edw. III (1328)

Northampton. Inq. 20 August. 2 Edward III.
Couesgrave [or Colesgrave]. An assort, called Pokisle Stokkyng [or Polkeley Stokkyng], held of the king at fee farm, rendering yearly at the king's exchequer by the hands of the sheriff, 3s. 1¾d.

Couesgrave and Fortho. A messuage and lands (extent given), including three ‘smalidoles' of meadow, and 4d. rent, held of Henry de Fortho  by service of 12d. yearly, and by doing suit of court every three weeks at the court of the said Henry de Fortho, and suit in the same manner at the hundred of Cleilbie every three weeks.

Couesgrave and Pokisle. The site of the manor of Couesgrave, ten messuages, land, wood, and rent (extent given), held by the said Henry and Sarra his wife, jointly enfeoffed by fine levied in the king's court, of the heir of the earl of Warwick, a minor and in the king's wardship, as of the manor of Hampslape [Hanslope], by service of an eighth part of a knight's fee, and by rendering 10s. yearly at the said manor and doing suit every three weeks at the said heir's court of the said manor of Hampslape ; and six messuages, 1 virgates of land, and 10a. meadow, hell by the said Henry and Sarra, by the same fine, to them and the heirs of their bodies, of Thomas de Luekenore, by service of an eighth part of a knight's fee, and by rendering 3s. 4d. yearly.

Couesgrave and Fortho. Lands (extent given), held jointly by the said Henry and Sarra by the said fine in form aforesaid, of the lord of Fortho, by service of 1d. yearly.

Couesgrave. Five messuages, 3 virgates of land, and 2a. meadow, held jointly by the said Henry and Sarra in the same manner, of John le Blount, lord of Passenham, by service of 5s. yearly; a messuage, ½ virgate of land, and 1a. meadow similarly held of Adam de Come Martyn, lord of Stokebruere, by service of 5s. yearly ; four messuages, 1 virgate of land and 3a. meadow, similarly held of the king, as of the honour of Berkhamstede, by service of 1d. yearly ; 1 virgate land and 1a. meadow similarly held, to them and to the heirs of the said Henry, by fine levied in the king's court, of the prior of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem in England, as of fee of the Templars, by service of 10d. yearly ; 40s. rent similarly held, to them and the heirs of the said Henry, of the aforesaid heir [of the earl of Warwick], as of the manor of Hampslape, by knight'' service : and 20s. rent similarly held, to them and the heirs of the said Henry, of the king, as of the honour of Berkhamstede, by the service abovesaid.

Pokislee. 50a. wood similarly held by the same fine, of Thomas de Lenkenore, by service of 40d. as aforesaid.
Thomas his son, aged 30 years and more, is his heir by the aforesaid fines.

Baker, ii, 130

1341

Henry Bishop of Lincoln survived but two years (after fine of 1339), when Walter de Paveley was found to be his cousin and next heir, aged 25.

1347

Baker, ii. 130

In 21 Edw. III (1347) Walter de Paveley released his right in this manor, except the assart called Spigurnell’s Stocking, to Richard le Forester of Puxley.

Close 21 Edw. III, p. 2. And Esc. 35 Edw. III.

Two successive Thomas Foresters died seised of certain lands there but the manor appears to have been alienated to the Beauchamps earls of Warwick, lords of the Maudit  fee.

NRO, F.X.25

1350

20 Jan. 1350. Adam de Tonsemer of Cosgrove to John de Liveden of Furtho and Sibilla daughter of late Nicholas of the Mills of Cosgrove, of all lands in Furtho, Cosgrove and Hanslope had by grant of the said John.

PRO  E 210/8627        Mill c13       DSCF6554

John Swetekoc of Covesgrove and Isabel late the dau. of John ate Wode of Estperia his (John’s) wife, grant to Stephen the reeve of Haversham and Alice dau. of the said John ate Wode his wife for four marks of silver of one mess, with a wooded curtilage adjoining and all other appts. in the village of Estperia, viz, that mess. which the grantors had of the inheritance of Isobel after the death of John ate Wode her father. To the use of Stephen and Alice for their lives and afterwards to the heirs of Alice, rendering to the grantors 3d yearly. Witn Yvo Gobion, John Gobion, Roger de la More of Jerdele, Hugh de Blakewelle, Richard ate Wode, Walter Anncol’, Richard Illing, Robert of Covesgrave Mill, John son of John de Barnuelle and others.

Part of a series relating to premises in Potterspury (qv: Misc Med Deeds)

NRO, F.X.1

c.1275-1300

John Taylfer of Cosgrove to William son of Adam de Furtho. Croft cont. 2a. of arable whose heads abuts on his garden in the vill of Cosgrove lying between lands of Nicholas le Taylour and Robert Willi. Also 1.5a. 31. meadow, half in South Field on le Medefourlong between land of Sir Henry de Spigurnel on both sides, a rood in West Field on furlong called Stanshul between lands of said Sir Henry on both sides, half a rood on le bottes between land of John son of John of Cosgrove and of Sir Henry, half acre in North Field on furlong called Blakelond between land of William de Tyngewyk and Sir Henry, half rood on same furlong between land of Henry on both sides and 3r. of meadow lying together on le Southmede next the park of Henry and meadow of John de la Grene.

NRO, ZA 377

Late C13

Slipped from card: Grant by Muriell de Cheynne of Furtho widow to John son of Elias de Tingewick and Roesia his wife, for half a silver mark, half an acre in Cosgrave

NRO, F.III.29

1305

20 Nov. 1305. Adam son and heir of Walter lord of Furtho to Sarah daughter of late John Swetecock of Cosgrove and Alice and Amicia her daughters, which she says were begot by me. Messuage in Cosgrove between a holding of Richard King of same on one side and a holding once of Wm Bercarius on the other and also 3a. of arable and a half and seven small doles of meadow in Cosgrove. Half an acre at le Greneway next land once of Nicholas of the Mill of Cosgrove; 1r. on le Middelfurlong next land once of John Henry of Cosgrove; 1r. on Flexland next land once of Adam Meryot of Hanslope; half acre on le Akerhey next land once of John de la Grene of Cosgrove; half acre on le Schebyte next land once Robert Terry of Cosgrove; half acre on Barlyhul next land once of Robert Terry; 1r. on Hullesmo next land once of Adam Meryot; 1r. on Longelond next land one of John Henry; half acre on ...ng next meadow of John le Fo... and (?) Wm Folour of Stony Stratford, and 7 small doles lie in le S…

NRO, F.X.10

1320

1 Jan. 1320. William de Lillingston, chaplain, t Peter de Livenden and Edith his wife of 2 selions of land lying together in the fields of Cosgrove in a furlong called le Brech between land of John de Tingewich on both sides, abutting at once end on the Northampton road and at the other on headland of Nicholas of the Mill of Cosgrove, which he has by the gift of Geoffrey son of John le Mason of Eastpury.

Cal. Close R. 1327-30. 344-5

1328 21 October.
Order to Simon de Bereford. Escheater this side of the Trent to deliver to Sara, widow of Henry de Spigurnel. Lands held by the late Henry of the heir of the Earl of Warwick, a minor in the king’s wardship, that is the manor of Cosgrove
10 messuages
8 virgates of land
4 acres of meadow
12 acres of wood and 61s 8d of rent in Cosgrave and Pokesle.
Henry de Spigurnel also held various lands of other lords, including other lands in Cosgrave and Furthe and Pokesle.

Escheat /ᵻsˈtʃiːt/ is a common law doctrine that transfers the property of a person who dies without heirs to the crown or state. It serves to ensure that property is not left in "limbo" without recognized ownership.

Black Prince’s Reg. IV. 242-3

1358

27 February 1358. Grant of wardship to Sir Walter de Pavely of William, son and heir of William de Fortho, tenant in chief of the prince.
Annex is a letter from Sir Walter de Pavely to Sir Bartholomew Burghersh that the late William de Fortho held a quarter of a knight’s fee in Cosgrove, worth eight marks at farm, but that the keeping and marriage of William’s heir rightly belong to the prince by virtue of older enfeoffment.

[Knight's fee. In feudal Anglo-Norman England and Ireland, a knight's fee was a unit measure of land deemed sufficient to support a knight]

NRO, F.X.27

6 Nov. 1364. Attached to X.42.

William lord of Futho to William Beauchamp of Cosgrove and Alice his wife. Messuage with curt. And croft in Cosgrove next ten. Once of Adam Tonssemer, and 13.5a, arable 1. 5a. meadow, rood of pasture and 3 smalidol (details). For 10s. p.a. and work of one day in autumn with a man to mow ‘ad precariam’, 10d schyreveszeld and 5d. for ward of Pevvnesye. Provision for re-entry if rent a month in arrears.

PRO CP 25/1/178/85/119     Mill 1372-5

Final concord, quindene of Trinity 46 Edw III 913720 and afterwards in the octave of the Purification 49 Edw III (1375) between Robert Champayne quer and Nicholas at Mille of Cosgrove defct, 10 mess, one mill, one dovecote, 114a land, 17a meadow, 2a pasture and 3s 3½d rent with appts in Cosgrove, Stratford, Moorend and Potterspury.

Nicholas recognises the tens to be of the right of Robert, which the same Robert has 8 mess, the aforesaid dovecote, 31a land, 28a meadow and the afsd rent of the gift of Nicholas to hold to Robert and his heirs for due service forever.

Nicholas grants for him and his heirs that

a)       Two mess, the mill, 38a land, 2a meadow and 2a pasture in Cosgrove and Stratford which Margery at Mill holds for life

b)       30a land and 5a meadow with appts in Cosgrove which John Lyveden and Isabel his wife hold for the term of her life

c)       15a land and 2a meadow in Cosgrove which Nicholas fitz Hugh and Sarah his wife hold for the term of her life

Are all of the inheritance of the said Nicholas at Mille on the day this concord was made. And after the deaths of Margery, Isabel and Sarah they should remain to Robert and his heirs, together with the other premises. Warranty by Nicholas. Robert gave Nicholas 200 marks. This concord was made in the presence of Margery, John and Isabel and Nichols fitz Hugh and Sarah and with their agreement.

Baker, ii 130

1397
On the imprisonment and attainder of Thomas Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, in 21 Richard II (1397), his manor of Cosgrove, valued at £30 yearly, was (inter al.) granted to Sir Henry Green of Drayton

N.R.O. FH 198, ff. 167v – 168v

1401
Thomas late Earl of Warwick died seised of the reversion of the manor of Cosgrove and also of one red rose rent received yearly of Nicholas Billyng kt from the manor of Cosgrove, and which manor the late Earl gave to the aforesaid Nicholas for the term of his life, with reversion after the death of Thomas late Earl and his heirs. The manor is worth yearly £20 and is held of the aforesaid Thomas late Earl of his manor of Hanslap by the service of one sore sparrowhawk or 2s. rent per annum.

PRO. SC 2/195/15

1402

Fragmentary court roll. Two membranes, neither apparently complete. The surviving portion of the first starts midway through a list of names and amounts, which is then totalled. Bottom half is headed Manor of Cosgrove: issues of view of frankpledge with court of the lordKing, held 8 Feb. 3 Hen. IV (1402).

Of Arthur Longvile esq. for default of suit 2d.

Of Hugh Colman for default of scouring his ditch at Little Byrye 2d.

Of Robert Emerson for a fine of a messuage. with appurtenances of the surrender of Cuthbert Emerson his father. 3s. 4d.

Of William Cheffe and John Chefe for the fine of a cottage with appurtenances., 3s. 4d.

Sum of this court 7s.

The second membrane is a list of issues from court at Cosgrove, 24 Juno 4 Hen. IV (1403). Arthur Longvile for default of suit, 4d.

Thomas Mathew for a fine of one messuage with appurtenances., 6s. 8d.

Cuthbert Emerson 4d., Jakes Rygby 2d., Thomas Spencer 2d., John Warfn 1d., Henry Rygby 1d. and John Becham 1d. for default of scouring their ditches at Bydwell, 11d.

Sum of this court 7s. 11d.

Baker, ii.132

1407

In 8 Henry VII (1407) the Cosgrove tenants did suit to the prior’s leet at Stony Stratford.

NRO. F.X.42

1418

3 May 1418. Attached to X.27.

Grant from William de Furtho lord of Furtho son and heir of William de Furtho late lord there, to John Beauchamp of Barnet. Mess. with curt. and croft and 13.5a. arable, 1.5a. meadow, rood of pasture and 3 smalldoles of meadow once of Wm Beauchamp of Cosgrove in Cosgrove and which William held by grant of Wm Fortho senior father of William Furtho the son by charter of fee simple to William and Alice his wife and their heirs dated at Furtho, [6 Nov. 1364], which mess. Etc. is sit. next a ten. once of Adam Touseemer and 13.5a. lies as follows [details not extracted]. For 10s. p.a., work of one day in autumn with one man to mow 'ad precariam' and paying for le Schirevesyeld 10d. and for ward of Pewnesye 5d. Provision for re-entry if rent is a month in arrear. Note that John is to maintain property under pain of 40s.

Endorsed with note of rent being 12s.

Beauchamp Family

NRO, List of Ward-Boughton-Leigh Collection in Warwickshire Record Office. Detailed calendar of deeds, prefaced by account of family.
Arranged by family group and then by place.
CR 162/270-282 is a run of deeds from 1434 to 1681 for the Beauchamp family's estate in Cosgrove, Furtho, Potterpury and Yardley Gobion.

1439

NRO, FH 197, ff. 82v-89

Inq. held at Northampton 5 July 17 Hen. VI (1439). Recites fine levied at Westminster morrow of the Ascension 13 Edward III (1339) between Ralph Bassett of Drayton, Ralph son of Ralph son of Ralph Bassett of Drayton and Joan dau. of Thomas de Bello Campo then Earl of Warwick quer., and William Lerle of Herle kt and Thomas de Radclyve then parson of Olney deft., concerning (inter al.) manor of Bukby (lengthy details of descent of manor after this fine).

Also the afsd Earl was seised in demesne as of fee of the manors of Moulton, Potterspury, Cosgrove and Puxley with the advowson of the same manor (sic) of Potterspury, as a certain fine levied at Westminster in octave of St Martin 2 Henry VI (1423) between the same Richard by the name of Richard de Beauchamp Earl of Warwick and Isabel le Despenser Countess of Warwick quer., and Thomas Langeley Bishop of Durham, John Throgmorton and John Barton jun. dft., by which fine the Earl acknowledged the afsd manors of Moulton, Potterspury, Cosgrove and Puxley with the advowson of the church of the same manor of Potterspury with appts. (inter al.) to be of the right of the said bishop such as that the said bishop, John and John had of the gift of the said Earl, and for this the bishop, John and John granted to the said Earl and Countess the manors and advowson to hold to them and their heirs male; remainder in default to the right heirs of the said Earl. The manor of Potterspury with the advowson is not held of the king in chief but of whom they are held is not known. The manor of Potterspury is worth yearly beyond reprises 20 marks, and the advowson is worth 100s.

The manor of Cosgrove is not held in chief but of whom it is held is not known. And is worth yearly beyond all reprises 20 marks.

Manor of Puxley is worth 5s. and is not held in chief, but of whom it is held is not known.

COSGROVE MANOR 1440

NRO, PH 197, ff. 104-107

Ing. held at Northampton Thursday next alto. the feast of St Martin 10 Hen. VI (Nov. 1440).
Isabella late Countess of Warwick held no lands or tens. in chief of the king on the day she died. But Richard de Bello Campo late Earl of Warwick to whom Isabella was formerly wife was seised in fee tail of the manor of Moulton as son and heir male of Thomas de Bello Campo late Earl of Warwick by virtue of a grant by William de Herle kt and Thomas de Radcliffe parson of Olney made to Earl Thomas by a fine 13 Edw. III (1339).

And by a fine 18 Edw. III (1344) between Thomas de Bello Campo then Earl of Warwick and Katherine his wife quer., and John de Melburne and Roger de Ledbury deffs., concerning the manor of Potterspury, the Earl acknowledged the manor to be of the right of John and Roger, for which John and Roger granted to Thomas and Katherine the manor with appts. to hold of the lord King by the service due for the whole of the lives of the Earl and Katherine. And after their death to remain to Guy son of Thomas and his heirs male. Remainder to Thomas brother of Guy and his heirs male.

By virtue of which fine the same Thomas de Bello Campo later Earl of Warwick and Katherine were seised. Guy died without heirs male; after which death Thomas brother of Guy was seised of the manor in fee tail by virtue of the same fine. And afterwards Richard late Earl was seised in fee tail to him and his heirs male as the son and heir male of Thomas brother of Guy by virtue of the fine.

And the same Richard was also seised of the manor of Moulton in fee tail as afsd and of the manors of Cosgrove and Puxley as of fee as per fine levied in octave of St Martin 2 Hen. VI (1423) between Richard late Earl and Isabella there called Isabell lo Dispenser Countess of Worcester quer., and Thomas Longeley Bishop of Durham, John Throgmorton and John Barton jun. clefts., concerning the same manors of Moulton, Potterspury, Cosgrove and Puxley and the advowson of the church of Potterspury with appts. by which fine Thomas, John and John granted to Richard and Isabella the same manors and advowson, to hold to them and their heirs male. By which pretext Richard and Isabella held the manor between themselves (and?) Henry now Earl of Warwick.

And afterwards the same Richard late Earl died seised of the same manors. After whose death Isabella was seised of the same manors and advowson and held them on the day she died in fee tail to her and the heirs male of herself and Richard by virtue of the same fine. The manor of Potterspury is held of the king in chief but by what service is not known, and is worth 20 marks beyond charges.

The manors of Moulton, Cosgrove and Puxley are held of the king in chief but by what service is not known. And each of the same manors is worth 8 marks beyond charges. Isabella died in the feast of St Martin last (presumably Nov. 1440, assuming inquest held almost at once). After her death the manors of Moulton and Potterspury with appts. descended to the afsd Henry now Earl of Warwick as son and heir male of Earl Richard by virtue of the afsd fines of 13 and 18 Edward III. Henry is son and heir male and son and heir general of Richard and Isabella. And he was aged 15 on 22 March last.

NRO. F.X.49

1446

1 Aug. 1446. Letter of attorney from John Pertnale and John Knyth appointing John Beauchamp to deliver seisen to William Fortho in all lands in Cosgrave called Grendon’s Lane.

Baker, ii. 130

1487

On the accession of Henry IV Thomas Beauchamp earl of Warwick was restored to his title and estates.

Rot. Parl. 1 Hen. IV

But this manor (Cosgrove) attended the fortunes of the earldom in its alternations and forfeiture and restoration during the struggle of the rival roses down to Anne countess of Warwick, who in 3 Hen. VII (1487) by special deed and fine conveyed her vast inheritance to the king and the heirs male of his body, with remainder to herself and her heirs for ever.

1488-9

PRO SC 6/Hen. VII/1849        Manor 1488-9        

Ministers accounts, Mich 4 – Mich 5 Hen VII (148 – 9).  Starts with Potterspury, then several places not in Cleley, ending with Hanslope, then Cosgrove, which has the same (Welsh) Bailiff as Hanslope.

Cosgrove: Lewis ap Rice Bailiff there.

Arrears: nil.

Rents and farms: £21  0s  6d rents and farms there.

Perquisites of court: 7d perquisites of one view of frankpledge held there 2 June 4 Hen VII.

2d for another VFP 20 Oct Hen VII.

Sum £21  0s  15d.

Rents at will: for divers lands and tens. 27s  2d.

Rents paid there  42s  1d.

Sum  69s  3d

Fees : David Phelipp esq for office of steward 40s and for office of bailiff  26s  8d.

Steward’s expenses : for holding court  6s  8d

Sum 73s  4d

Repairs: to divers tens. There, £6  0s  7d

Sum £6  0s  7d.

Sum of allowances  £13  4s 1d

Net £7  18s  2d

Then on to Preston and Uppingham, then Essendine with Shillingthorpe, which is the last place on the file.  Listed as Warwick lands, but not clear from anything in the actual accounts where this comes from.

1499

Margaret Fleming, widow of Thomas Furtho, who held manor of Furtho and also four messuages, a toft and 6 virgates of land in Cosgrave, held of Thomas Marquess of Dorset, service unknown.

NRO, YZ 7809

1504

Copy of a terrier made 15 Oct. 20 Hen. VII [1504]. Copy not dated but hand would fit lateish C17 or even about 1700. End'd:

A terrier of Puxy glebe and of the lands in Cosgrove field which pay tithe to Pury. Whereas Junius Rykby alias Jakes Rykby of Cosgrove husbandman, took to farm of Thomas Richard the prior of the Charterhouse next to Coventry and of the convent of the same a parcel of land, viz. all the glebe lands and the tithes of all the lands, meadows, pastures, leases, mortuaries, profits and other commodities pertaining or belonging unto the church of East Perry commonly called East Perry Lands, as they be lying and being within the  town [sing.) and fields of Cosgrove and Furtho, as by this terrier made with the consent of the said prior and convent and of William Bely vicar of East Perry, Thomas Haull parson of Cosgrove, and other honest men of Cosgrove, viz. William Nelson, William Reeve, William Rough and William Pollinge with divers others. The tithes due to be paid out of certain arable lands within the parishes [plural] of Cosgrove and Furtho unto the church of East Perry, lying in Quarry Field: 3a. of arable in Quarry field in pa. Cosgrove in Hay Furlong pay tithe to East Perry. 3.5a. arable of St John's land in hay furlong pay tithe to East Perry. And so on. Several other acres listed (various owners) as paying tithe to East Perry. One parcel called the Armites Half-acre. 46 entries in all. Hereafter certain parcels of land in the parish of Cosgrove in the Middle Field whose tithings belong to the church of East perry: four parcels specifield, fax fewer than inQuarry. Field. certain parcels of land in the parish of Furtho mentioned again. Hereafter cer in Quarry Field whose tithings belong to church of perry: 12 parcels itemised. Armitis Half men Hereafter certain parcels of meadow and pasture  rove: 7 entries, incl. one parcel called St in Cosgrove: and ends with entry for all the pasture does belong to the said meadow.

Cal. Pat. R. 1494-1509. 544

1507
13 September. Grant to Richard Emson, knight of the offices and stewardship of the manors of Hanslap (Bucks.), and Cosgrove.

L. & P. Hen VIII, iii. 593

1521
Grants in July 1521. To Christopher Wren. Lease of the site of the Manor of Cosgrove (Northants.) late the Earl of Warwick, and a pasture called Mill Holme (Bucks.), which William Yeleson lately held, 21 years, rent £8 8s. and 2s. of increase.

PRO. E 179/155/130

Lay subsidy assessment for Cleley, 16 Hen. VIII (1524-5). Indenture at head is dated 12 April 16 Hen. VIII (1525).

m. 3: Cosgrove

27 payers, all but one on goods and wages. The exception is Antony Furthowe, lands, £8, 8s. Neither he nor anyone else said to be of Furtho (nor anyone said to be of Cosgrove). Total is 74s. 10d. Larger payers in goods:

Cuthbert Haversham

£7

3s. 6d.

John Becham

£5

2s. 6d.

Henry Reve

£3

18d.

Richard Rowhead

£5

2s. 6d.

John Watson

£4

2s.

James Rigby

£3

18d.

Richard Becham

£20

10s.

Thomas Becham

£5

2s. 6d.

Robert Mayhowe

£6

3s.

Henry Ryvers

£13

6s. 8d.

William Coke

£5

2s. 6d.

John Pay

£19

9s. 6d.

m. 9: Furtho appears right at the end of the roll, with three people paying 40s. 8d.:

Thomas Brokesby on lands

£40

40s

Richard Cheyne in wages

20s

4d

Nicholas [blank] in wages

20s.

4d

HEN. VIII See below: [Thomas Russell clerk at Cosgrove from 1529-49]

PRO, C 1/1217/27-30

/27: Bill of Cuthbert Emerson of Cosgrove husbandman. James Rigby alias Jack Rigby of Cosgrove was seised of mess. and threescore acres of land, meadow and pasture in Cosgrove called Brynes and of 20a. land in Cosgrove called Byfelldes. James sold to Cuthbert the whole of Brynes and a moiety of Byfelldes. James and his son Henry detain the deeds, and try to expel Cuthbert from the premises.

/28: Answer of Henry Rigby. Long time since James Rigby of Cosgrove, grandfather of Henry and father of Jack, was seised of premises and enfeoffed Thomas Crosby esq. and Thomas Russell clerk and others (incl. four Furthos). John made his last will dated 20 Dec. 1534. Premises to Jack and his wife Joan, subject to conditions if Jack should ever sell the premises (which justifies his retention of deeds).

/29: Replication of Cuthbert Emerson. Denies that James Rigby the grandfather was seised of the premises or that he made any feoffment, or that he made a will, or that the will is any reason for detaining the deeds.

 /30: Rejoinder of Henry Rigby. Nothing new. Nothing to date any of these, apart from the grandfather's will.

PRO SC 2/155/14

1544 5 April Court of Henry VIII

Names constable Richard Symson.
Also say that Thomas Longvyle owes suit of court and makes default, fined 4d.
Order that no tenants of Yardley or of Potterspury shall put any cattle in Pikkeffeld within this lordship unless they hole lands or tenancies in this lordship, under penalty of 6s. 8d.

PRO, E 310/5/1/49

1551

Parties for lease. Parcel of the manor of Cosgrove parcel of the possessions called Warwicks Lands within the honor of Grafton:

Cosgrove pa. of itself: rent of ten,. And 56. 5a. land, meadow and pasture in the common fields there, in ten. Cuthbert Emerson at will, 38s.

PRO, C 1/1334/6-12

1554

/6-7 are two copies of the bill of John Basset of Seaton (Rutland) concerning lease from Thorney Abbey (Cambs.) of manor of Haddon (Hunts.),
24 April 22 Hen. VIII (1530) to Robert Berise of Haddon. King Henry by LP about nine or ten years past granted manor to Sir Robert Kyrkham of 'Vyncent' (Northants.) kt. This has been listed as possible St Vincent's in Cosgrove. The case is a dispute over Kirkham's refusal to permit an assignment of the tenancy.

/8 is a writ 12 Oct. 1 & 2 Ph. & Mary (1554): get answer from Kirkham.

/9 is Robert's answer. Just describes himself as Sir Robert Kirkham kt, no place.

 /10-12 are the replication of John Bassett, rejoinder of Sir Robert and 'surrewinder' of Bassett, none of which add anything further to identification of Vincent.

Nothing to do with Cosgrove itself. The grant is 10 Oct. 34 Hen. VIII (1542): Pat. pt 9, m. 27 (L. & P., xvii. 566-7). To Sir Robert Kyrkham, king's servant, grant in fee of reversion and rent reserved on leases of manors of Haddon and Elmington (Nthts.); also grant of both those manors; farm called 'le Vente' in Cuddesden (Oxon.), parcel of lordship there late Abingdon Abbey; also other premises in Haddon and the advowson.

B.L. Add. Ch. 25149

1555

Writ to the sheriff of Northampton to enforce the fulfilment of covenants by Thomas Sygett to John Becham concerning lands in Cosgrove and Furtho.

Cal. Pat. R. 1557-8, 315

1558. 2 April. Grant to Thomas Tresham, prior of the refounded priory of St. John of Jerusalem. Clerkenwell, of various lands, manors, liberties and rents (listed), including Passenham, Densanger, Eston, Oldestratford, Stokebrewarne, Cosgrove, Hulcote, Aldrington and Potterspury, late of Dyngley Priory.

Cal. Pat. R. 1560-3. 258. 260.

1562

25 August. Grant to Cecily Pickerell of concealed land etc. including in Oldestratford, Cosgrave and Passenham (described: the hermitage or free chapel of Oldestartford and its possession). To hold the land in Prestbury as of the manor of Prestbury in socage by service and a yearly rent of 5s. and the premises in various lands, including Cosegrave and Passenham.

PRO, CP 25/2/187/5 Eliz. I Easter, no 591

1563

Final concord quidene of Easter 5 Eliz. (1563) between Robert Emerson quer. And Ferdinand Pulton gent. Deft. Moiety of the manor of Coddesgrave alias Cosgrave with appurtenances and
10 messuages
10 cottages
10 tofts
3 dovecotes
20 gardens
20 orchards
200a. and, 200a. meadow, 300a. pasture, 10a. wood, 100a. furze and heath, 20s rent with appurtenances in Cosgrave, Furtho and Potterspury alias East Pury. Ferdinand acks. The moiety to be of the right of Robert, which moiety Robert had of the gift of Ferdinand, who quitclaims for himself and his heirs and warrants. Robert gave Ferdinand £60.

BROWNSWOOD

PRO, E. 178/1647

1567-8

Commission to Roper Tavener esq. surveyor of woods this side Trent. John wake eq. and Peter Wentworth esq. to inquire into meets and bounds between woodlands of Thomas Furtho called Barnefeylde Wood. alias Browneswood in the parish of Cosgrove, and our woodlands there called Barnefelde Woode alias Browneswoode. also our forest of Whittlewood, and all other our lands adjoining the lands of the aforesaid Thomas Furtho, and how the said lands and forests lie and what they are called, and to summon officers and tenants of this lands and inhabitants of Cosgrove, and when the meets and bounds are found to renew them least they become lost in the future. Recent to be delivered to the Exchequer with three weeks of Easter next. Witn. Edward Saunders kt at Westminster 20 Nov. 10 Eliz. Fanshawe

Endorsed, enrolled in momoranda of the exchequer 20 Eliz. in record of Easter Term rot. [Blank] ex parte the Queen's Remembrancer. Signed by Henry Fanshawe.

Inquisition taken at Cosgrove 29 March 10 Elix. (1568) before Roger Taverner, John Wake and Petter Wentworth; jury say that the woodland of Thomas Furtho called Barnefield  Wood alias Browneswood lies in the parish of Cosgrove on the north west part of two parcels of woodland of the Queen called Barnefield Wood alias Brownswood, of which one was late parcel of the possessions of the late monastery of Snellshowe (Bucks.) and the other was late parcel of the possessions of John Heneage esq. The meets and bounds between the woodland of Thomas Furtho and the woodland of the Queen are marked by divers stones.

The woodland of Thomas Furtho lies on the north west part of a certain wood of the Queen called Sterecopice within the Queen's forest of Whittlewood, and thus in length by the said Sterecopice as far as Rowley forde, and thence as far as a close of the Queen called Grenesart parsel of the said forest of Whittlewood. And from Grenesart on the south west part of the same assart and on the south west part of a certain close of the Queen belonging to her manor of Morend, the meets and bounds between the aforesaid woodland of Thomas Furtho called Barnefield alias Brownswood and the said wood called Sterecopice and the said close of the Queen are masked by stones.

Signed by three commissioners; marks of jurors.

Endorsed: Left in court by the hand of the within named Roger Taverner 7 May 10 Eliz. (1568).

PRO, E. 309/3/11 Eliz. /2/1

1568

Recites lease of 21 May 4 Edward VI (1550) to William Clerke of one parcel of land called Brownes Wood in pa. Passenham in ten. William Clerke parcel of the lands and possessions called Warwick's Lands. Term 21 years. Rent 8s.

Lease has passed to Thomas Furtho jun. Fine of 32s. paid by Thomas. New lease to Thomas of 8a. woodland called Barnefelds alias Bromes Wood alias Brownes Wood with herbage, pasture and pannage and other appts., in Cosgrove late in occ. Nicholas Clerke gent. parcel of the lands and possessions late John Hennage esq., reserving great timber, saplings of oak in and on the premises.

Term 21 years. Rent 8s.

Dated 17 Sept. 11 Eliz. (1568).

PRO, E 318/43/2312

1575

Parties for grant, 10 Eliz. (1575-6). Grantee: Lord Cheney. Lengthy partics, of premises in numerous counties.

m. 8: Parcel of the lands purchased of John Hennage esq.

Certain wood ground in Cosgrove.

All those 8a. wood ground called Barnefelde alias Broomes Wood alias Brownes Wood, and herbage, pasturage and pannage of the same, in Cosgrove, now or late in ten. John Clerke, reserving great timbers, mines etc. As demised to Thomas Furtho by LP 27 Dec. 11 Eliz. (1568) for term of 21 years, rent 8s.

10 Nov. 1575. The premises were concealed and now taken, in lease as above mentioned, by means whereof the said rent has ever since been charged and answered before the auditor. And the same is not parcel of any manor.

Endorsed: Thomas Furtho of Furtho esq. in £50. William Furtho a grocer dwelling in the Old Change where a letter may be left ... convey etc.

The file is listed as 18 Eliz., although 10 Nov. 1575 is still 17 Eliz.

BROWNSWOOD end of documents

Cal. Pat. R. 1575-8. 26

1576
30 January. Grant in fee simple to John and William Mershe of various concealed lands (listed), including in Passenham and Cosgrove, lately of Shelshall priory.

Baker, ii. 123

1576

In 17 Elizabeth (1576) a wood and woodlands called Barnfields or Brownswood, parcel of the dissolved hospital, were granted to John Dudley and John Ayscouch in exchange for other lands.

1578

NRO, ZB 5 is a collection of deeds received via Bucks Record Office which may have come from offices of C.W. Powell, solicitors, Newport Pagnell. Includes what appears to be a series for an estate in Cosgrove, Furtho and Potterspury.

ZB 5/3

1578

30 May 1578. Deed of partition between Thomas Furtho of Furtho gent. and Hugh Emerson of Cosgrove husbandman. Emerson shall hold farm and lands in Cosgrove and Furtho in ten. Thomas French tog. with farm called Marsyes now or late in ten. Richard Marsy and rent fo £10 out of house of John Meo tog. with all arable land etc. bel. to farm. Furtho shall hold farm in Cosgrove and Furtho in ten. Thomas Bignell tog. with the other farm in Cosgrove and Furtho in ten. John Rushed tog. with lands except as excepted in terrier; attached is terrier of lands allotted to Emerson.

Recusant Roll I (Cath. Roc. Soc. Xvii). 236

1592

Richard Jenning, husbandman, of Covesgrave owes £40 for himself.

PRO, C 3/238/5

23 April 1594.

Complaint of Cuthbert Emerson of Hanslope yeoman. His grandfather Cuthbert Emerson was seised of mess. Called Boynes in Cosgrove, bought of Henry Rigby. Died leaving three sons: Christopher (orator’s father, the eldest), Hugh (2nd) and Robert (3rd). Premises came to Christopher as heir, and after his death should have descended to your orator. But Robert, as Cuthbert’s exer. Got all deeds into his hands and enter into premises. Also has deeds for orator’s premises in Hanslope.

NRO, YZ 4366

1595

Parchment roll. Headed:

A terrier or tenor of such messuages, tenements, houses, arable lands, leys, meadows and pasture which are the freehold and inheritance of John Maywood of Cosgrove yeoman, and which are descended unto him the said John from Thomas Maywood deceased, father of said John. The which land, tens. etc. are in town [sing.], parishes [plural] and fields [plural] of Cosgrove and Furtho, made 20 May 1595, 37 Eliz.

Mess. or ten. in Cosgrove in which John now inhabits, barn of four bays, barn of three bays, one 'kylhouse' cont. two bays.

Detailed description of lands in the Middle Field, with full abuttals etc. Mentions the highway extending to Cob Bush east and the Queenes high way leading to the Oak west in one case. Also  the queen's highway. Another parcel abuts on Cuttle Flg north and Mill post way south. Also the high way leading to Furtho gate. Northampton way and Barnwell Way the west and east abuttals of one plot.

Then similar for lands in Quarry Field. Mentions Quarry Way, the ridge way leading to the Quarry, the common green way, the highway to the quarry, the quarry brook, parsonage grounds of Perry mentioned on one occasion (those of Cosgrove and Furtho more often), poles river, Shelsden ridgeway.

Then to Mores Field. Perry parsonage ground mentioned again several times. Queen's highway, the high river, mentioned in abuttals.

The Leys in the More Field.

The Leys in the  Quarry Field. Mentions Lytford Hale Brook, Quarry Bridge, the queen's highway, the Quarry book, the Quarry pits.

The Meadow ground. Mentions the South Meadow, Steyning Meadow and Hisworth Meadow. The high river appears as an abuttal in several plots in all three meadows.

NRO, ZB 5/9

1608

29 May 1608. Deed poll, quit claim. Arthur Emerson of Cosgrove yeoman, QC to Edward Furtho of mess. with appts. in Cosgrove called Marsies and in 22a. 1r. land and an acre of meadow in fields of Cosgrove, and in Furtho and Potterspury, which Edward Furtho formerly held from Thomas Emerson, Margaret his wife and George their son as is more fully shown in their charter.

NRO, ZB 5/10

1624

20 June 1624. Deed to lead to uses of a fine. (1) Robert Ives of Old Stratford mason and Ellen his wife; (2) William Twitcham of Tingewick and Ann his wife; (3) Richard Abbot of Stony Stratford yeoman and Mary his wife; (4) Dorothy Mayhowe alias Maywood of Stony Stratford spinster; (5) Henry Penn of Cosgrove gent. (1), (2) and (3) at cost of (4) ad (5) cov, to levy fine to (4) and (5) of mess. in Cosgrove and all lands appertaining called Cherries Land, late in ten. of John Mayhowe alias Maywood deceased, to specified uses.

Warwickshire Record Office CR 162/278

1632

A feoffment to uses of 1632, Thomas Scrivenor Paul Boughton clerk and Michael Tassell ironmonger (all of Potterspury) of land in Furtho, Cosgrove and Potterspury, also mess. called Fleming's Farm in P. where TS lives.

NRO, Church Glebe Terriers 1633

NRO, Glebe Terriers Bundle starts with two skins of parchment, one of them, damaged at top, which are a terrier of 1633. Next one is a copy, listed as being early 18th-century, of the 1633 terrier, which is in much better condition and easier to read. Note the copy and check back to original. Copy of terrier given in to the bishop by Mr John Whaley. rector of Cosgrove, 16 Dec. 1633. Terrier of all lands etc belonging the parishes, fields and hamlets of East Pury, now in ten. John Whaley, 1633.

Terrier of all lands etc. belonging to Cosgrove rectory in the parishes , fields and hamlets of Cosgrove, Furtho and East Pury, now in tenure of John Whaley, rector, made 10 Dec.

Dwelling house, two barns, stable, kill house, orchard, two gardens, two closes whereof one is the churchyard, one little pightle which is the tithing man's pound yearly at the first day of August until the harvest be ended (abuttals).

Middle Field. Mentions Acre Furlong, Washing Trough Furlong, the Mortar Pits, Hanslope Way, Barnwells Way, Woolland Furlong.

Lays in Middle Field. 11 leys lying together on Overstreet Furlong within Furtho new pasture. And some other leys.

Moores Field. Land on Batley Hill, Bidwell Furlong, Hillmore Furlong, Steaning Meadow, Longland Furlong, Nether Pebley Furlong, Moorsgutter, Over Pebley Furlong, Gosty Furlong, High Hisworth Furlong, Hanging Goales, Nether Blackland Furlong, Colesmooremill Furlong.

Leys in Moores Field. Names Bidwell Hill, Lantherne Furlong, Blackland Slade, Steaning Meadow.

Quarry Field. Names Middle Furlong, Stony Furlong, Lynces Furlong, furlong shooting on Old Stratford, Water Furrow Furlong, Hartwell Furlong, Over Prest Hill, Nether Prest Hill, Mortar Pits, Shrobfurlong, Path Furlong, footway leading to Furtho church, Nether Heydon Furlong or Cuttles.

Leys in Quarry Field. Names South Mead lays.

Meadow Ground. Names Bidwell Meadow, Steaning Meadow, Ellsworth Meadow.

Tithes in Foreign Fields:

NB There are also tithes to be kept in remembrance which are in three fields which are all in the occupation of strangers of other parishes, which said three fields are thus named: Scratchers Herne, Kimsons Field and Poocksley Field lying between Temple Lane and the Stockings.

There be also tithes of divers pasture grounds in the hands of foreigners lying towards Potters Pury and Byards Watering.

There be also tithes in a corner called Old Furtho Green and in Pusdole which Mr Whaley the rector of this parish received out of Mr Furtho's hands.

There be also tithes in three closes lying near unto Pooksley pasture which the rector hath peaceably received. And of two ancient closes within the said pasture, which are kept by perambulation every third year, for which were some moneys paid heretofore, but in the time of the present incumbent none hath been paid.

There be also tithes of Brownswood and Brownswood Green duly paid.

Lastly of those glebe lands mentioned in the terrier to be inclosed in Furtho new pasture, viz. 11 leys lying together and one acre on the same furlong. The parsonage of Cosgrove is spoiled of them, they were wrongfully exchanged in favour to the patron of Furtho by Christopher Emerson rector of Cosgrove, who was also rector of Furtho. And albeit the next successor Mr Bradshaw bachelor in divinity did continue suit to recover them during his lifetime yet he was deluded by the cunning of the foresaid Patron of Furtho, namely Mr Furtho, and the tenants of the said Furtho, so that the present rector Mr Whaley could never yet quietly enjoy them.

Memo. that instead of making the pightle mentioned in the terrier a pound for the tithing man during the time of harvest Mr Naylor last incumbent of this parish gave 40s. towards building a pound at the town's end for that purpose and to free the parsonage of the aforesaid charge and trouble of making the pightle a pound.

Signed John Mansell, Rector (i.e. early C18 rector).

The abuttals in the common field entries include Furtho and East Pury glebe as well as lord of Cosgrove and various private owners. Three lots of glebe evidently intermixed between three fields, which include land in both Cosgrove and Furtho.

Original is signed by John Whaley rector, George Emerson, John Beauchamp, Robert Emerson, and two churchwardens whose names are town away.

NRO, YZ 7846

1646

6 Oct. 1646. Letter of attorney from Robert Richards of Cosgrove tallow chandler appointing his father in law Jeffrey Travail of Furtho shepherd to use for and recover 10a. at Cosgrove.

NRO, YZ 7847

1651

10 Nov. 1651. Marriage settlement (1) Thomas Mayoe of Cosgrove carpenter to (2) Thomas Fisher the elder of Heathencote turner and Richard Abbott of Stony Stratford yeoman, for marriage between John Mayoe son of (1) now decd to Ann daughter of Thomas Fisher. In trust to use of Ann, John and heirs, of 1 ten. and dwelling house lately erected and abutting the Green at Cosgrove and 3r. meadow in the South Meadow of Cosgrove.

NRO, YZ 7838

1653

4 Jan. 1653. Lease for a year, Gervas Andrews of London, citizen and goldsmith, to Richard Rawlins of Wolverton (Buck) of 1 messuage, ten. and home close, and the Lords Close and Parsons Close at Cosgrove with parts in Furtho and Potterspury

NRO, YZ 7839

1656

15 April 1656. Deed poll. RL and QC. Thomas Lee of Middle Temple gent. and Wenifred his wife (relict and extrix Gervas Andrews of London goldsmith deceased) to Richard Rawlins of Wolverton yeoman. All estate right title in 1 messuage and Home Close at Cosgrove adjoining the Green, to the Lords Close and Parsons Close.

NRO, ZB 5/11

1653

25 Nov. 1653. B&S. Gervase Andres, citizen and goldsmith, to Arthur Whalley of Cosgrove gent. Messuage in Cosgrove commonly called Pemberton’s House and a little close with appurtenances and ten. Inclose belonging to messuage. Cosgrove rectory one side, highway the other.

PRO, CP 25/2/581/1653 Trinity

1653

Final concord, Trinity three weeks 1653. Christopher Rigby plaintiff, and Gervase Andrews and Winifred his wife defendants. One messuage, two cottages, one dovehouse, two gardens, two orchards, 180a. land, 30a. meadow 40a. pasture and common of pasture in Cosgrove, Quitclaim by Gervase and Winfred for themselves and their heirs. Conson £200 [Manor House, presumably]

NRO. F.X.I.7

FURTHO MANOR COURT 1653

View of frankpledge, 18 April 1653, cont'd: Rental presented by jury of the rents of the free tenants which hold their lands and tens. of the lord of the manor due yearly to the lord:

Cosgrove and Old Stratford John Beauchamp the younger for a mess. and lands in Cosgrove 8s.

John Whalley clerk for parcel of lands late John Mayoes 4d, for mess. and another parcel late Henry Penns sometimes Mayoes 8d, in all 12d

George Emerson for the Mill Close Parcel of Box Yard 6d, and for the mess. or inn called the Falcon 4d, in all 10d.

Richard Twitcham for Ashgrove Close late Mayoes 6d.

Michael Tassell for a piece of land called the Breades 2s.

Robert Harris for a tenement near the Falcon 2d

Susan Thorne for 2 tens. and a close called Bird Close in Furtho parish and Cosgrove 12d.

Cosgrove Elizabeth Spencer widow for 1a. land lying on Chapel Furlong, 1 capon.

John Whalley clerk for 1a. land on the same, 1 capon.

John Whalley clerk for a ten. late Bignalls, 1 capon.

PRO, CP 25/2/616/1653 Trinity

Final concord, morrow of the Holy Trinity 1653. Gervays Andrewes plaintiff and Francis Decre and Elizabeth his wife defendants.
Manor of Cosgrove
12 Messuages,
6 cottages
6 barns
8 tofts
1 watermill, 1 dovehouse
12 gardens
12 orchards
340 a. land 40a. meadow 330a. pasture, 60a, wood 100a furze, 40a. marsh, 40s. rent, common of pasture, free warren, view of frankpledge, fishing, in Cosgrove, Blisworth, Old Stratford, Passenham, Deanshanger, Puxley, Potterspury and Furtho. Advowson of church of Cosgrove. And of manor of Cosgrove (sic; repeated) and 20s. rent in Stony Stratford and Wolverton (Bucks.). Quitclaim and warranty. Conson £570

Baker, ii. 130

1653-1764
Francis lord Dacre son of Richard sold the manor and advowson in May 1653 to Gervays Andrews of London gent., by whom the manor house and farm were sold the following month to Christopher Rigby of London esq. and the manor and advowson in August 1654 to William lord Maynard.

By various mesne conveyances the manor passed to John Beauchamp gent. Who devised it to his son-in-law lieut. William Gurney in the Irish service, and Elizabeth his wife, who left two daughters and coheiresses, Elizabeth wife of William Brookes gent. And Mary wife of Littleton Westley gent.

Brookes, with Westley and his wife, conveyed the manor in 1750 to Christopher Rigby esq. grandson of the purchaser of the manor house and sheriff of the county in 1734 [The London Gazette no.7258. p. 1. 18 December 1733]. In August 1764 he sold all his estate here, comprising manor, manor house, watermill and lands to John Biggin of London esq.

All this is attributed at end to Mansel evidence.

NRO, ZB 5/11

1653

25 Nov. 1653. Gervase Andrews, cit. and goldsmith, to Arthur Whalley of Cosgrove gent. Mess. in C. commonly called Pemberton's House and a little close with appts., and ten. inclose bel. to mess. Cosgrove rectory one side, highway the other.

PRO, CP 25/2/616/1653 Trin.

Final concord, morrow of the Holy Trinity 1653. Gervas Andrewes ptf. and Francis Lord Dacre and Elizabeth his wife defcts. Manor of Cosgrove,
12 mess.,
six cottages,
six barns,
eight tofts,
one watermill,
one dovehouse,
12 gardens,
12 orchards,
340a. land, 40a. meadow, 330a. pasture, 60a. wood, 100a. furze, 40a. marsh, 40s. rent, common of pasture, free warren, view of frankpledge, fishing, in Cosgrove, Blisworth, Old Stratford, Passenham, Deanshanger, Puxley, Potterspury and Furtho. And advowson of church of Cosgrove. And of manor of Cosgrove. And manor of Cosgrove (sic; repeated) and 20s. rent in Stony Stratford and Wolverton (Bucks). Quitclaim and warranty. Conson £580.

PRO, CP 25/2/581/1653 Trin.

1653

Items on file not individually numbered. Final concord, Trinity three weeks 1653. Christopher Rigby ptf. and Gervase Andrews and Winifred his wife dfcts. One mess., two cottages, one dovehouse, two gardens, two orchards, 180a. land, 30a. meadow, 40a. pasture and common of pasture in Cosgrove. Quitclaim by Gervase and Winifred for themselves and their heirs. Conson £200.

NRO, YZ 7840

1656

1 Oct. 1656. Feoffment from Sir Edward Longeville of Wolverton Bt., Dame Margaret his wife and Thomas Longeville their son and heir, to Richard Rawlins of Cosgrove yeoman, for £8. Half an acre on Long Raven Well Flg and half acre on Nether Barley Hill Flg at Cosgrove now or late in occupation Peter Gabriel alias Ludgate husbandman. Endorsed with memo. of seisin 5 Nov. 1660 and memo. of payment of feudal due.

B.L. Add. Ch. 18032

1659

Settlement between Nightingale Longville, widow of Henry Mansell and Edward Mansell, including the settlement on Edward Mansell, for 10s. of her messuages, tenements, households and cottages and all that pertain to them in Cosgrove, Furtho, Potterspury, Yardley Gobion and Old Stratford, currently occupied by John Earby, Thomas Bignill, George Emerson, Widow Cheney, the lands and cottages held by Richard Scrivener in Passenham, the pastures lately held by John Boarham or his assigns, for Edward Mansell, his heirs and assigns, to have and to hold for ever.

B.L. Add. Ch. 18033

1660

Marriage settlement between Edward Mansell and Millicent Draper, daughter of Edward Draper. Draper pays £350 for his daughter's marriage portion. Conveyance to the use of Edward Mansell of lands, tenements etc. granted to him by Nightingale Longvill in Cosgrove, Furtho, Old Stratford and Yardley Gobion to John Mansell and Edward Draper.

PRO, 1,9/254/9

1662

Free and voluntary Present, 1662: Cosgrove cum Furtho:

Mrs Nightingall Longvile

40s. 0d.

Arthur Whaley

8s. 0d.

Edward Mansell

5s. 0d.

Henry Rigby

5s. 0d.

Thomas Williams

1s. 0d.

Nicholas Harris

1s. 0d.

Thomas Chandler

2s. 6d

Richard Hawley

1s. 0d.

Mrs Harris

1s. 0d.

Mrs Peark of Cosgrove

2s. 6.

£3 7s 6d

NRO, YZ 612

1664

1 Feb. 1663/4. Award indented by Richard Hawkins of Old Stratford in pa. Cosgrove yeoman, settling dispute between (1) Nightingale Longeville of Cosgrove, widow of Henry L. gent., her son, and (2) John Beauchampe the elder of Cosgrove.

YZ 611 is an agreement 24 May 1662 between Henry Longeville of Cosgrove and Mary Harries of Kislingbury re a yardland in Kislingbury.

YZ 613 is a release 29 Jan. 1640/1 by Henry Clarke of London gent. for 2s. 6d. of all bonds etc due from Francis Longeville of Cosgrove and from Isaac Barton of London.

YZ 614 is a copy of petition, c. 1635, of Francis Longeville gent. and Nightingale his wife, late wife of Samuel Mansell deceased. Fine £156 for ploughing up Notwood Coppice in Forest of Whittlewood (pa. Furtho). Petition for discharge of a fine.


NRO, F.XIII. 256 (21)

1667

10 January 1666/7. Letter from John Buncher, Paulerspury, to uncle Edmund Arnold following Edmund Arnold’s completion of Furtho purchase. Sends various pieces of local information as requested.

As regards Lord Maynard’s land in the parish of Cosgrove, first he has the royalty of the town, which comes to about 30s. a year of chief rent, and the disposal of the parsonage likewise, he has Cosgrove mill, which is set for about £18 p.pa., likewise in the same parish he has a very fine coppice of trees and underwood, it lies between Potterspury and the forest, and three closes thereunto adjoining, which is judged altogether to be worth £40 or £50 a years.

I spoke privately with one who belongs to Sir Thomas Longvill and he told me that his master does intend now to go on with his building, and if he does you may be furnished at Whittlewood; we heard there will be a sale of timber this summer.

NRO, F.xIII.59 (u)

c.1670

First as touching the parish of Cosgrove, it is well known the greatest part of the inhabitants thereof are much given to raise and stir up new troubles and contentions, not only amongst themselves but against neighbouring towns, so in like manner against Furtho, in oppressing the said parish with unreasonable assessments, much higher  than themselves, so also in oppression of them with their poor, in making it their common practice in lifting and getting them out of their own parish, and putting them into the said parish of Furtho.

So in like manner have they endeavoured to put this Coles upon the said parish, although he hath not lodged 40 nights in the said parish to make him an inhabitant, witness upon oath Robert Carline, Susanna Wood widow and Coles himself.

As touching the said Coles his settlement in Cosgrove, it is well known that he served an apprenticeship there for 7 years, after his apprenticeship was expired he lived a year and a half in the said parish, without any disturbance or molestation, thereby being an inhabitant in the parish of Cosgrove. Witness upon oath Major Arnold and Coles himself.

NRO, ZB 5/14

1671

2 Oct. 1671. Ann Cornelys of S t Martin in the Fields widow, sole extrix of John Whalley late of Cosgrove gent. (1); Francis Emerson and John Clarke churchwardens, and Richard Rawlins and Richard Pursell present overseers or Cosgrove (2). Recites will of JW re his father erecting two small houses in pa. of Cosgrove or Furtho or one of them but never settled them; JW by will left them to Ann to settle on poor of Cosgrove, the churchwardens to put in poor people after death of Ann. Now (1) to (2) for I10s. B&S of the two houses in pa. Furtho or Cosgrove or one of them, a close called Joyners Close W, house of Thomas Ellis (on the Hill) N, common street and well S and E, erected by John Whalley clerk deceased, father of testator. (2) to pay rents towards succour, help and relief of the poor people of pa. Cosgrove.

Signed Ann Cornelys.

Endorsed with livery of seisin, also: 'Belongeth the poor houses of Cosgrave’ ‘Mrs Cornelys her settlement of the two tenements’, and ‘Relating 2 tenements at Cosgrave’

NRO, YZ 7812

1672

19 June 1672. Mortgage, George Smith Cosgrove, yeoman to Timothy Freese of Stony Stratford, chirurgeon, for £130, of 1 cottage (now or late in ten. Robert Ludgate) and 19a. mixed land in Cosgrove.

MISC.DEEDS 1673-1803

NRO, E.T. Ray & Co., summary list. Bundle 16, listed as Cosgrove (not Old Stratford in Cosgrove). 3 mess. and orchard. Joseph Foster in 1803 Deeds of 1673-1803. More detailed list of deeds:

1673 John Emerson to Francis Butcher, cottage.
1673 Francis Butcher to Peter Tyler (trustee).
1678 FB to Henry Sibthorp.
1683 FB to Peter Ludgate.
1710 Richard Mayo to PL.
1721 Will of Peter Ludgate.
1760 Will of Thomas Webster.
1779 TW to Sam. Shenstone on trust.
1801 TW to Joseph Swannell, 3 mess.
1803 JS to Joseph Foster, 3 mess. and orchard.

NRO. ZB 5/15

1674

6 May 1674. Feoffment. George Smith of Cosgrove gent. to Robert Corbett of Thornborough (Bucks) yeoman. Messuage or farmhouse in Cosgrove with appts in ten. George Smith. Tog. with two closes or pightles of grass ground adj. and 29.5a. arable lands, leys and meadow ground adj. lying dispersed in fields of Cosgrove and Furtho with commons and common of pasture for feeding and depasturing three horses, mares or geldings, 6 beasts or cows and 30 sheep in the commonable places of Cosgrove and Furtho. Conson £400.

NRO, YZ 7814

1674

26 Oct. 1674. Bond from Thomas Smith of Towcester yeoman, Bray Perry of Cosgrove miller, and Richard Perry of Wolverton miller, to Robert Corbett of Thornborough (Bucks) in £800 for perf. covs. in B&S 6 May 1674 of 1 farmhouse, 2 closes and 29a. at Cosgrove sold by George Smith of Cosgrove yeoman deceased to Robert Corbett.

PRO, CP 25/2/702/26 & 27 Chas. II Hilary

1675

File badly damaged; half of most of the deeds are lost, including this one.

Octave of BVM 27 Charles II (1675). Between Simon Bennett esq. [quer. and William Lord Maynard] and Margaret his wife, and Joseph Smart gent. and Anne his wife deft. of the [manor of Cosgrave alias) Covesgrave with appts. and 6 mess., 6 cottages, 2 watermills, 12 ... , 200a. land, 40a. meadow, 100d. pasture, common of pasture, [view of frank]pledge, in Cosgrove, Furtho, Potterspury, Yardley, and Deanshanger; also [advowson] of Cosgrove. Joseph and Anne recognise manor etc. to be of the right of ... which they had of the gift of the said William and Margaret ... Simon gave £... .

Difficult to tell from what can be made out whether this is a substantive sale by Maynard or a family settlement. Could in fact be a sale to Bennett but conson illegible.

Warwickshire Record Office CR 162 /281

1678

Sale 1678 by Thomas Scrivener of Potterspury the elder and Alice his wife, John Beauchamp the younger of Cosgrove and Mary his wife (dau. of TS) to Edward Beauchamp of London mercer of Flemings Farm in P., where TS lives, and various pieces of land.

NRO Misc. Deeds Beauchamp Estate/282

1681 by Edward Beauchamp mercer to John Beauchamp the younger of Cosgrave and Mary his wife, of capital messuage in Cosgrave and land, late inheritance of John Beauchamp, since lease by John Beauchamp the elder and younger to Edward.

NRO, Grant (Li), A1

1686

18 Aug. 1686. (1) Martha Ball of Stony Stratford, widow (2) Robert Goodman, London, John Milner, London, (3)
Robert Wright of London. For £250 (1) to (2) in trust for (3) B&S of all Messuage and cottages with appurtenances in Cosgrove abutting W on Watling Street and on N by Ten. of John Godfrey, and premises in Stony. Executed by Goodman and Milner. Endorsed: Release from Martha Ball to Robert Wright for £200, messuage in Cosgrove.

PRO PROB 5/4349

1688

Inventory of John Beauchamp late of Cosgrove gent. Taken by John Forty of Hanslope gent., and Richard Rawlins of Cosgrove yeoman, 25 June 1688.

In the hall or kitchen;
In the parlour;
In the buttery;
In the chamber over the parlour;
In the chamber over the hall or kitchen;
[in the] chamber adjoining …;
In the garrets;
In the malt chambers (150 qr malt worth £120);
In the malthouse (malting tools).
Also wheat and peas in hovels
A mare in the stable £4 10s.;
three cows in a close of pasture £7 10s.;
in the fields of Cosgrove 2a. wheat and barley £5, 2a beans and peas £2, 18 stocks of bees in the garden £3, wearing apparel £6 10s.

Last item: debts good and desperate £613 15s.

Total is £813 4s. 4d. most of which is the debts and stock of malt, plus the crops. The household contents not worth a great deal, a few pounds for each room.

NRO, HT (A) 12

1688

12 Nov. 1688. Indre. (1) Six Edward Longueville of Wolverton bt, son and heir of Sir Thomas Longueville of Wolverton bt deceased, (2) Thomas Paine of London gent., (3) Wm Longueville of the Inner Temple esq. and Nicholas Charlton of London esq., (4) Thomas Hales the younger of Blakesborne (Kent) esq., and Anthony Keck of Fleet Street gent.

Recites indre 7 May 15 Charles II (1663) from (1) Six Edward Longueville grandfather of (1) above and Dame Margaret his wife, to (2) Sir Thomas Hide of Albury (Herts.) bt, for £3000 of manor(s) of Little Billing and Farndon, and land in Little Billings, Moulton, Cosgrove and Old Stratford, which term is now in (2) (and Geo. Parker gent. now deceased). Now for £7000 to (1) from (3) and 5s. to (2) by (4), (2) by direction of (3) to (4) of same manors. Endorsed with assignment by Keck to Hales of same 1689 (not executed).

NRO, YZ 7841

1690

1 June 1690. Copy of will of Richard Rawlins of Cosgrove yeoman. Leaves cottage adjoining Green at Cosgrove to wife Joan for life then to Eliz. Frankling wife of John Frankling of Stoke Hammon (Bucks) blacksmith; small cash bequests to named kin; to poor of Cosgrove £1; his son-in-law Wm Earle of Bradwell (Bucks) tailor all his books and £1. Extrix wife Joane. Will proved 11 Dec. 1690.

B.L. Add. Ch. 18057, 18058

1695

1695, 20 Dec. Quadriptartite indre between:
1. Edward Mansell the elder and Millicent Mansell
2. Edward Mansell the younger
3. John Mansell and Edward Draper
4. John Hatfield, George Westby and Frances Saxton

Rehearsing the marriage settlement of 1660, inc. the provision of £350 marriage portion by Edward Draper and the conveyance to the use of Edward Draper of lands, tenements and cottages in Cosgrove, Furtho, Old Stratford and Yardley Gobion to John Mansell and Edward Draper.

Settlement for the marriage of Edward Mansell the younger to Frances Saxton. Edward Mansell the elder grants all his lands, tenements etc. in Cosgrove, Furtho, Old Stratford, Yardley Gobion and Coggenhoe to Edward Mansell yr. These lands then conveyed to the use of Edward Mansell, or his wife should he die, to George Westby, brother of Frances Saxton and John Hatfield.

Separate schedule outlining the sums to be paid to John, Christopher, Charles and Edward Mansell by their father Edward Mansell the elder should he died before they reach 23.

B.L. Add. Ch. 18058 is counterpart.

B. L. Eg. Ch. 2373

1696 Indenture between:
1. Sir Peter Tyrill of Castlethorpe and Thomas Tyrill his son.
2. Dame Christabella Eyre, widow of Sir Gilco Eyre, former justice of the King’s Bench and William Draper.

Conveyance, in consideration of 5s paid by 2. To 1., from 1. To 2. Of the manor of Hanslope, the mansion of Castlethorpe, with all messuages, tenements etc. that pertain to it, inc. messuages in Cosgrove, for a rent of 1 peppercorn.

PRO, CP 25/2/860/11 Wm III Easter

1699
Final concord, quindene of Easter 11 William III (1699)
between John Twisleton esq. and John Preston gent. quer. And Thomas Brograve bt and Elizabeth his wife, James Medlicott esq., Charles Eaton esq. and Stephen Ashton esq. defcts. Manor of Cosgrove, and
10 Messuages
15 cottages
two watermills, four dovecotes, 300a. land 50a. meadow, 100a. pasture, 100 a. wood, 100a heath and furze, and common of pasture for all cattle, in Cosgrove, Passenham, Deanshanger, Potterspury and Furtho. (2) ack. Manor etc. to be right of (1) by gift of (2). Quitclaim by Thomas and Elizabeth for themselves and heirs of Elizabeth. Conson £800
Thomas Brograve married January 1692 the daughter of William Maynard

NRO, BNP 4

1708

15 Oct. 1708. Marriage settlement Thomas Rand the elder of Cosgrove yeoman and Mary his wife (1), Thomas Rand the younger of Cosgrove, son and heir and Elizabeth Mawby one of daughters of Richard Mawby (2), to Richard Mawby of Dallington yeoman and Christopher Panter of Stony Stratford butcher (3). Marriage. between Thomas Rand jun and Elizabeth Mawby and for £100. Settlement of a farmhouse in Cosgrove now in occ. of (1), half acre of meadow and 8a. arable in common fields of Furtho and Potterspury, to use of (1) for 12 years and then to use of (2).

NRO, YZ 7849

1715

Among series of Cosgrove deeds (YZ 7834 - YZ 7853) is paper with leet orders 16 Oct. 1715, court of William Gurney gent. lord of the manor of Cosgrove, continued by several adjournments to 19 March (1716].

No one shall keep about one sheep for one acre, four cows for 20a. and two horses for 20a. according to the ancient custom of Cosgrove.

Every person that has commons in parish and common fields of Cosgrove shall on 26 April next meet at house of John Orchard, the Hen & Chickens, Cosgrove, and give an account of what horse commons and cow commons they will keep that year, and if all the persons that have commons do not stock them themselves the four field tellers shall set the unstocked commons to the townsmen that will take them, but not to let them to any out-town person, or that lives outside the constablery of Cosgrove, and proceeds to be paid by field tellers to those that have commons.

When Quarry Field shall be wheat stubble or pease stubble it shall be hained from sheep until St Luke; when Quarry Field is fallow then Moores Field shall be hained until St Luke.

No cattle shall be brought upon any furlong to feed till such furlong be rid and the grain carried off.

Tilth field shall be hained at St Luke when the sheep go into the stubble field from all manner of cattle to prevent stocking and spoiling the said field.

All animals to be branded twice a year that go upon the green and common fields in Cosgrove.

Field tellers shall let the intercommoning of the commoners with Thomas French in the Midsummer plot to Thomas French for three years from Lady Day next at a guinea a year, also the intercommoning of the commoners with John Smith in Water Close for three years; no one to hinder Thomas French or John Smith.

Field tellers chosen at this court shall continue in office for three years from 16 October last or until another court is held.

NRO, Grant (Li) K 1 (Box X 5304)

MISC.DEEDS 1716-41

Bundle of deeds re premises in Cosgrove, 1716-41, not individually numbered. Go through in date order.

10/11 Jan. 1715/16. L/RL. (1) Catherine Hatch of Cosgrove widow, to (2) Francis Peters of the Inner Temple gent. Mess. ten. or cottage in Cosgrove wherein Catherine doth now dwell, tog. with malting, barns, stables, yards, orchards, gardens etc; and all other mess., tens. etc of Catherine in Cosgrove. Disentailing deed; Peters to suffer recovery; premises to be to the use of Catherine and her heirs for ever. Signed by Catherine.

7 March 1715/16. Mortgage by Catherine Hatch of Cosgrove widow to Martha Judkins of St John Street, London, widow. For £50. Premises as in preceding. Redeemable by payment of f52 10s. by 7 March 1716/17. Signed by Catherine.

NRO, BHP 5

1721

8 March 1720/1. Lease for a year. Thomas Rand the elder of Cosgrove yeoman and Thomas Rand the younger of Leighton (Bucks) baker to John Wickens of Paulerspury yeoman and Gabriel Rand of Newport Pagnell. Half acre of meadow and 8a. arable in open fields of Cosgrove, Furtho and  Potterspury, as in 1708, now in occ. Richard How, William Gurney and Hercules Franklin.

NRO, BNP 76

1721

9 March 1720/1. Deed to lead to the uses of a fine. Thomas Rand the elder of Cosgrove yeoman and Mary his wife, and Thomas Rand the younger of Leighton (Bucks) baker and Elizabeth his wife (1). Richard Mawby of Shutlanger yeoman, John Britten of Cosgrove and Thomas Truelove of Castlethorpe, lacebuyer (2), to John Wickens of Paulerspury yeoman and Gabriel Rand of Newport Pagnell (Bucks) (3), for £290 paid to Thomas Rand jun. by Thomas Rand sen. and £140 paid by Thomas Rand sen, to (2). Farmhouse in Cosgrove and half acre of meadow and 8a, arable in open fields of Cosgrove. Furtho and Potterspury, also 18.5a, of mixed lands in fields of Cosgrove, Furtho and Potterspury, now in occ. Richard How, Wm. Gurney and Hercules Franklin.

NRO, X 8462, no. 2

1723-5

Aplin & Hunt Collection, not fully listed. One box of deeds re ppty in Cosgrove, also Culworth. Numbered within the box. No 2:

19 Jan. 1724[/5]. (1) John Beauchamp of Adston gent., (2) Revd George Rye DD rector of Islip (Oxon) and Mary his wife only child of said John Beauchamp by Mary his late wife decd, (3) Charles How of Grittworth esq. Recites earlier Rye family business, incl. Mary's marriage settlement. This deed is covenant to levy a fine in pursuance of settlement. Premises: cap: mess. in Cosgrove in occ. Thomas Rand; close of pasture in Cosgrove known as Brines or the Brines Close (5a); 104a. in common fields of Cosgrove, Furtho and Potterspury, in occ. Thomas Rand; further 6a. arable in same hamlets; cottage in Cosgrove formerly in ten. Anne Kent, now John Jeffes; another cottage in Cosgrove formerly in ten. Anne Williams, now William Jarvis; orchard in Cosgrove in ten. Thomas Rand; and all other property of John Beauchamp in Cosgrove, Furtho and Potterspury; also property in Culworth.

Attached to it is a final concored of Hilary, 11 Geo. I. Charles How plaintiff; John Beauchamp gent. and George Rye DD & Mary his wife plaintiffs. 1 mess., 130a. land, 14a. meadow, 30a. pasture, 10a. furze ad heath and common of pasture in Cosgorve, Potterspury and Culworth.

No 3 is marriage settlement 24/25 April 1723. Elizabeth Rye of Culworth widow; Revd George Rye DD rector of Islip; John Beauchamp of Adston; Charles How of Greatworth; and two other parties. This is deed recited in No. 2. Settlement on marriage. of Revd George Rye and Mary Beauchamp. Property incl. premise in Cosgrove, Furtho and Potterspury. (Slipped from cat. entry.)

NRO, Grant (Li) K 1 (Box X 5304)

4 May 1725. Assignment of mortgage. (1) William Mackdowall of Loughton. Bucks., gent., (2) Catherine Hatch of Cosgrove widow, (3) Catherine Harris of St Catherine's. Middlesex spinster. Recites mortgage of 7 March 1715/16, on which default was made, leaving Martha Judkins owner. Also indre 4 Oct. 1723 between (1) Adam Bevan of Beckerine Park in pa. Ridgemont (Beds.), yeoman, and Robert Maxwell of London woollen draper surviving exor of Martha Judkins, (2) Catherine Hatch, (3) William Mackdowall then of Stony Stratford gent., by which for £50 (1) sold to (3) with consent of (2) the mess., malting etc. Now for £50 Mackdowall sells back to Catherine Hatch. who assigns mortgage to Catherine Harris. Mortgage is now £129 6s. !indorsed: assignment of mortgage, Mackdowall to Harris. Definitely described as moss. and malting, then usual amts. listed; not 'malting barns’ as in 1716 deeds.

4 July 1732 Absolute assignment from Catherine Harris of Tower St. London, spinster, to Charles Panter of Aldgate St. London, late merchant. Recitals back to 1716. Now this indre witnesses that for £142 9s. to Catherine Harris by Panter mortgage has been assigned absolutely to Panter. Description of premises unchanged.

4 May 1741. Assignment of mortgage in trust to attend inheritance. From Richard Panter of Cosgrove gent. surviving exor of Charles Panter late of Castlethorpe (Bucks.) late merchant, by direction of Catherine Hatch of Cosgrove widow and Thomas Nicoll to John Tooth (late two are trustees). Recitals back to 1716. Property described as before. Not a substantive change of ownership.

4 May 1741. Feoffment from Catherine Hatch of Cosgrove widow to Thomas Nicoll of Castlethorpe yeoman, of a piece of ground in Cosgrove. Conson £25. Piece of ground in Cosgrove on which a mess., ten. and malting lately stood, lately in ten. and occ. of Catherine.

Folded inside deed of 1732 is a paper copy of a indre of 13 March 1767. (1) Edward Bloxham, Stony, gent., (2) Richard Panter of Castlethorpe yeoman, and Ann his wife, (3) Thomas Hillyer of Stony baker. Recites earlier deed of 1756 involving Richard Panter. Sorting out various debts. Sale to Thomas Hillyer of premises in Castlethorpe, also mess. or cottage in Cosgrove in a place called The Green, and another mess. or cottages thereto adjoining, tog. with 3r. meadow in the South Meadow of Cosgrove. This does not appear to be the same premises as those referred to in the deeds of 171641. No ref. to malting in 1767. May just have been folded together because of Panter connection.

NRO, Glebe Terriers 1726

Terrier of lands etc in parishes, fields and hamlets of Cosgrove and Furtho in ten. of John Mansel rector of Cosgrove, 15 Oct. 1726. One dwelling house, brewhouse, woodhouse, barn, stable, with a close adjoining, two gardens, one garden house. In More Fields. Lands in Bidwell Furlong, Barley Hill, Hills Moore, Longland, Blackland, Colesbury Hills, High Hisworth, Piblie. In Middle Field. Lands in Stanchells, Long Sheep Hooks, Woodland, Woolland & Co/brand, Ruffield, Hery Furlong, Cobb Bush.

In Quarry Fields. Lands in Nether Haden, Lower Thick Thorne, Midland Furlong, Shelsdon, Reslock, Water Furrows, Heartwell, Upper Pristle, Pristle Hole, Palk Furlong, Hermitage Meadow.

Meadows and Leys. Cadal Leys, Notwood Leys, South Meadow Leys, Church Leys, Middle Field Sandy Lane Slade, Crabtree Leys, Low Thorne, Laneing Leys, Hisworth Meadow, Steaning Meadow, Bidwell Meadow, South Meadow.

Signed by rector, two wardens and three 'inhabitants'.

NRO, 1730

Glebe Terriers Terrier of lands etc in Cosgrove and Furtho in ten. William Tomsun, rector, 29 June 1730.

One dwelling house, brewhouse, woodhouse, barn, stable, with a close adjoining, two gardens, one garden house. In More Fields. Lands in Bidwell Furlong, Barley Hill, Hills Moore, Longland, Blackland, Colsbure Mills, High Hisworth, Piblie. In Middle Field. Lands in Stanchells, Long Sheep Hooks, Woodland, Woolland & Gall Brad, Ruffield, Acry Furlong, Cobb Bush.

In Quarry Fields. Lands in Nether Haden, Lower Thick Thorne, Midland Furlong, Shelsdon, Reslock, Water Furrows, Heartwell, Upper Pristle, Pristle Hole, Palk Furlong, Hermitage Meadow.

Meadows and Leys. Cadwel Leys, Notwood Leys, South Meadow Leys, Church Leys, Middle Field Sandy Lane Slade, Crabtree Leys, Low Thorne, Laneing Leys, Hisworth Meadow, Steaning Meadow, Bidwell Meadow, South Meadow.

Signed by John Mackerness, curate, and two wardens.

NRO, Glebe Terriers 1733

5 July 1733 William Thomson, rector.
Semi-tabular layout of lands in Moore Field, Middle Field and Quarry Field. Place names as before, incl. Colesbury Mills in Moore Field, and Hermitage Meadow in Quarry Field

NRO, Misc. Deeds  BNP 77

28 Sept. 1737. Marr. Sett. Henry Longville of Cosgrove esq. (1), Dorothy King spinster eldest daughter of John King of St George, Queen Sq., Middlesex, esq. (2), to John King, William King of Ealing esq., John Belfield of Serjeant’s Inn esq. and Brown Wills of Bletchley esq. Marr. (1) to (2).

Capital messuage where (1) [Henry Longville] now dwells, and another messuage standing near former called Bucks Farm, now in occupation (1) [Henry Longville] also Cooks Farm now in tenure James Rand; and one messuage with barn, stable and yard now in occupation William Scott; one messuage or cottage now in occupation Peter Grimsdick; 3r. meadow and 7a. arable in occupation Richard Scott deceased now Henry Longville; four cottages now or late in occupation John Archer, Daniel Penn, Robert Cabel, Elizabeth Lambourn; and 1.75 yardland at Kislingbury, and 1 assart in Passenham in tenure of Edmund Benson; and one parcel of land lately purchased by (1) [Henry Longville] at Cosgrove.

WITH SCHEDULE OF LANDS

NRO, YZ 6028

1737

19/02 Aug. 1737 L/RL Henry Smith of Cosgrove labourer and wife Sarah to Richard Robinson of Eastcote butcher. 2 messuages in Cosgrove with yards etc. and orchard adjoining, being 74 ft from ground of Thomas Ward on west to south corner of an acre of Gabriel Rand (abuttals barely legible on card). Conson £42 10s 6d; cov. to levy a fine

NRO, Glebe Terriers 1739

Lands etc. belonging to Cosgrove Rectory in the parishes and open and common fields of Cosgrove, Furtho and Potterspury now in ten. Samuel Durrant of Cosgrove , (warden, not rector) 21 July 1739.

One messuage great barn, two stables, two gardens and one little close.

Arable in Quarry Field, Middle Field and Moores Field. Leys ground in each of the three fields. Meadow ground.

Colesury Mills still mentioned as a place-name in Moores Field but Hermitage Meadow not named.

Signed by Samuel Durrant and James Rand.

NB: Potterspury back in the heading for the first time for some years.

NRO, Misc. QS 293, i.90

1741
17 September 1741 Elizabeth Gurney (sic) lady of the manor of Cosgrave did then enter William Millar her gamekeeper for the said manor by dep. Dated 1 Sept. 1741

NRO, FXIII.109

1741
Bundle of Arnold vouchers for the year includes one for payment of chief rent to manor of Cosgrave, where lady of the manor is named as Elizabeth Gurney. Paid 17 March 1741

NRO, BNP 6

1742

15 June 1742. Assignment in trust of mortgage. Nathan Brown of Whitefriars, citizen and dyer (1), Richard Mawby of Shutlanger yeoman and Thomas Trulove of Stony grocer (2), Elizabeth Rand widow relict of Thomas Rand of Ewell (Bucks) (3), to Governors of QAB and vicar of Newport Pagnell (4). For £210 (4) to (1) , and £140 (4) to (2). Mess. farmhouse, half acre of meadow and 8a. land in fields of Cosgrove, Furtho and Potterspury; also 18.5a. arable in fields of Cosgrove, Furtho and Potterspury.

NRO   81p, f. 96v             Econ Hist Mill 1744-5                 

Churchwarden’s accounts for 1743/4 include an entry for “John Hutt for the mils” 3s  9d. The same amounts with just John Hutt’s name and no reference to the mills appears the previous year. Also in 1741 and 1742.

Levy for 1745 has same entry for John Hutt, said to be for the mills.

John Hutt pays levy for mills and cottage until 16 April 1769

last levy in the book 1771-2 has an entry for Widow Hutt for the mills.

NRO, Glebe Terriers 1744

Back to ‘Cosgrove and Furtho’ in heading. Rector still William Thomson, 28 July 1744.

Semi – tabular layout of three fields in columns, with meadows and leys at foot of sheet. Coalsbury Mills still a place name in Moors Field. Hermitage Meadow has definitely disappeared.

Signed William Thomson rector and two wardens.

NRO. Misc. QS 293, i.110

1747
28 November 1747. Littleton Westly and William Brookes lords of the manor of Cosgrave did then enter James Hall their gamekeeper for their said manor by dep. 1747

NRO. Glebe Terriers 1749

‘Cosgrove and Furtho’ heading. Wm. Thomson still rector. 25 July 1749.

House, brewhouse barn, two stables with a close adjoining, two gardens which join  upon a close (next the street) called Stratford Charity late Newman’s north, Church Lane south, late Scot’s east, the churchyard west.

Three fields named as usual; Hermitage Meadow back as a landmark in Quarry Field. Leys and meadows as usual.

Signed by rector and two wardens.

NRO, Misc. QS 293, i 118

1750
26 February 1749/50 William Thomson clerk, lord of the manor called Hill House Manor in Cosgrave did then enter Edward Scrivener of Potterspury yeoman his gamekeeper for his said manor by dep. 23 February 1749/50

NRO. Misc. QS 293, i.120

1750
11 July 1750. Christopher Rigby esq. lord of the manor of Cosgrave did then enter Richard How the younger his gamekeeper for the manor of Cosgrave by dep. 27 June 1750

NRO, Glebe Terriers 1752

Land etc. in the parishes, fields and hamlets of Cosgrove cum Futho late in tenure William Thomson but now by his decease a sequestrator. 8 July 1752.

Same columns as before for the three fields, with leys and meadows at foot. Signed by Christopher Drake minister and two wardens.

Note at end (for first time) in all 27a 1r.

NRO. Misc. QS 293, ii8

1754
8 October 1754 Christopher Rigby esq., lord of the manor of Cosgrave entered John Rye of Cosgrave gent. his gamekeeper for the said manor by dep. 14 June last.

NRO, YZ 4550 (Part of misc. deeds purchased by NRS 1938)

1756

2 Aug. 1756. Lease for a year from Jane Thomson of Stony Stratford widow of Wm Thomson formerly of Hannington and then of Cosgrove clerk, to Giles Vincent of Lime Street but now of St Mary Ax in St Andrew Undershaft gent. another devisee of William Thomson.

Inn or farmhold [slipped from cat. card; this appears to be what this phrase says) in Potterspury in Cosgrove [sic] late occ. by Richard Miller, then Edward Scrivener etc. And five closes called Brownswood and Stockins (40a.) in Potterspury in Cosgrove. And waste between mess. and Watling St. And all spinneys etc. And mess. in Loughton (Bucks) wherein Leonard Thomson dwelt etc., in fee. (Slipped from handwritten card)

NRO, Glebe Terriers 1758

17 July 1758. Revd Dr Pulter Forester rector. ‘Cosgrove cum Furtho’ heading as before.

House and lands described as before. Total now reckoned as 37a. 1r. 2p.

Signed Pulter Forest, rector, and two wardens.

NRO, Glebe Terriers 1761

24 June 1761. Revd Pulter Forester DD rector. ‘Cosgrove cum Furtho’ heading as before.

House and lands described as before. Total again reckoned as 37a. 1r. 2p.

Signed by Pulter Forest, rector, and two wardens.

PRO, CP 25/2/1374/4 Geo. III Trin. No. 399

1764
Final concord Trinity three weeks 4 George III (1764) between John Biggin esq. ptf. and Christopher Rigby and Sarah his wife dfts. of the manor of Cosgrave otherwise Covesgrave with appurtenances, and 5 messuages, 3 cottages, 3 barns, 3 stables, 1 water cornmill, 2 tofts, 3 gardens, 3 orchards, 320a. land 80a. meadow, 80a. pasture. 2a. wood, common of pasture for all cattle, in Cosgrove, Furtho, Potterspury, Yardley Gobion and Old Stratford; also all manner of tithes in Cosgrove, Furtho and Old Stratford. Quitclaim and warranty. Conson £1,020

NRO, Grant (Li) L 1 (X 5310)

1766

Lord Maynard to Edward Bloxham, 15 Jan. 1766. Dr Forester had acquainted me with the intended Inclosure, to which I supposed there was no objection on my side, as it brought no advantage or disadvantage to me, but as it tended to improve the living, which is in my Patronage.

Give out 10 gns. to the poor of Passenham in this cold season.

Anscomb no 48      Gen Top 1767           

Act 1767, copies at NRO and NCL. Award, 22 Dec 1767, inrolled 4 April 1768. No plan known.

Area in Act 1700a, award 1626.2.25

Lord of the Manor: John Biggin esq, Patron : Viscount Maynard. Rector: Pulter Forester DD.

Allotments: Rector received seven totalling 193.1.5

Fifteen proprietors having paid him £10 5s 1.5d agreed to compound by giving him another 8.3.7. Rector of Furtho received two plots totalling 96.0.29 for tithes arising out of Furtho Tithing. John Biggin owner of glebe lands in Potterspury Tithing with common right was awarded 23.3.22 and as owner of impropriate tithes in Potterspury Tithing was awarded 4.2.3. For his land and common right was awarded 271.1.25. Feoffees of Bicester awarded 2.2.21. Duke of Grafton in lieu of 8s certainty allotted 0.2.19. St Vincent’s Well allotted to parish of Cosgrove. 26 others allotted land.

Cost : Grass seed £314 3s 4.75d Fences £119 7s 4d. All other costs £1006 0s 4.75d.

Act states that there is in the township and liberties of Cosgrove one large and open common field called Cosgrove Field and consists of three distinct tithings, Cosgrove Tithing, Furtho Tithing and Potterspury Tithing. Furtho and Potterspury are intermixed and dispersed through the open fields (sic) of Cosgrove. Also within the boundaries of the open field (sic) there is a certain tract of ground called Cosgrove Green, near town of Cosgrove, cont. 40a. an undivided part of which Green contains about 12a reputed to be in pa. Potterspury. Also a tract pf ground, part of Green, cont 55a reputed to be in pa Cosgrove though near adjoining town of Potterspury. Greens have from time immemorial being mutually interchanged.

Power to surveyors to enter any allotment where stones, gravel, sand or other material likely to be found, and to dig for and take away materials as long as they obtain an order form two JPs. To fill in and level ground.

Jesus College Oxford are patrons of Furtho and Rev Anthony Apperley is rector.

NRO, Incl Awards Vol B pp 192-215       
1767  

Inrolment of Cosgrove Incl. Award, dated 22 Dec 1767, inrolled 4 April 1768, Act 7 Geo III: An Act for inclosing the open and common fields, common meadows, common pasture, common grounds and commonable lands within the township and liberties of Cosgrove… exclusive of Brownswood Green and Kenson Field in the parish of Cosgrove.

No map known. Allotments not tabled at end of award. Add up from detailed enumeration to nearest rood. Ignore persches. Round sum total to nearest acre.

Find that the commonable land in the field called Cosgrove Field [singular] contains in all 1626a 2r 25p

To Pulter Forester DD rector of Cosgrove and his successors in right of his glebe. 32a.

To Pulter Forester and his sucessors rector of Cosgrove in right of his great and little tithes within the tithing of Cosgrove 168 ac (inc 7a in an exchange), which acreage amounts to one seventh by quantity and quality of all lands within tithing of Cosgrove, and are in full satisfaction of all tithes arising out of that part of the said open field called Cosgrove tithing.

John Biggin, John Mansel, Francis Edward Whalley, Nathan Franklin, Martha Gurney, Thomas Horton, Thomas Ingram, Thomas Kingston, Richard Rand, John Rye, Rev Robert Watson, John Wilmer, John Williams, William Corbett and Francis Clarke are owners of several mess., cottages etc and ancient inclosures in manor and township of Cosgrove liable to pay tithes or composition in lieu thereof to rector of Cosgrove, and have agreed with Pulter Forester that tithe amounts to £10 5s 1.25d. Commissioners allot to Pulter Forester and his successors 8a 3r 27p of new inclosures, part of lands of JB etc in lieu of tithes.

To Anthony Apperley and his successors rectors of Furtho owner of certain glebe lands and also of one cottage common, and in lieu thereof, one plot 48a 1r 17p

Also to Anthony Apperley and his successor in lieu of tithes arising within the tithing of Furtho one plot of 47a 3r 12p which plot represents one seventh by quantity and quality of all lands within the tithing of the rectory of Furtho and is in full compensation for all tithes arising from that part of the common lands called Furtho tithing.

To John Biggin owner of certain glebe lands in the tithing of Potterspury with common right, one plot 23a 3r 22p.

Also to John Biggin owner of the impropriate tithes arising within Potterspury Tithing and in lieu thereof, one plot 4a 2r 3p as compensation for all tithes due to him as impropriator of Potterspury Tithing in Cosgrove.

To John Biggin owner of certain lands and common rights therein and of two cottage commons and tow horse commons belonging to Cosgrove Mill, four plots totalling 271a.

To John Mansel esq owner of certain lands and common rights therein called the Old Farm now in occ George Rand as tenant at will, two plots 66a.

To said John Mansel owner of other lands and common rights and also of two cottage commons, three plots totalling 425 a, including 11.3.12 acquired in exchange with Pulter Forester.

To Francis Edward Whalley owner of lands, common rights and one cottage common, one plot 123a.

To John Wilmer owner of lands and common rights, one plot 18a.

To Joseph Scrivener owner of lands and common rights and of parcel of land late Mary Wilmot’s, one plot 10a.     

To Edward Bloxham owner of lands, one cottage common and two other cottages commons which he lately purchased of Francis Clarke and Thomas Perry, one plot, 4a.

To Joh Rookes owner of lands, one plot 2a

To Thomas Kingston owner of lands with common rights and one cottage common, one plot, 2a.

To Thomas Angel owner of lands and one cottage common, one plot, 1a.

To Thomas Ingram owner of one cottage common, one plot, 1a.

To Mary Murray, George Albert Eyles and Abraham Chapman owners of a certain piece of meadow ground called Midsummer Hook, one plot, 2a.

To John Williams owner of certain lands with common right and one cottage common and certain other lands late Thomas Bland’s with common right, one plot, 38a.

To Gabriel Rand owner of certain lands with common right, one plot, 2a.

To Rt Hon Earl Spencer owner of certain odd pieces of meadow land, one plot, 1a.

To Rt Hon Earl of Litchfield, Sir Walter Wagstaffe Bagot Bt, Sir Charles Mordaunt Bt, William Drake and William Cartwright esqs, trustees of the late Dr Radcliffe’s estate at Wolverton in co Bucks, owners of certain lands, 1a.

To John Rye owner of certain lands with common right and one cottage common, three plots totalling 52a.      

To Nathan Franklin owner of certain lands with common right and two cottage commons, three plots totalling 71a.

To Martha Gurney owner of certain land with common right and one cottage common, three plots totalling 33a including 2.4.34 exchanged with John Williams.

To Rev Mr Watson clerk vicar of Newport Pagnell co Bucks in right of his said vicarage owner of certain lands with common right therein two plots, 18a.

To William Corbett owner of certain land with common right, two plots 22a.

To Richard Rand owner of certain lands with common right, one plot 8a.

To Feoffees of Lands belonging to the Town of Bicester, co Oxon owners of certain lands, one plot 3a.

To John Smith owner of certain lands, one plot 2a.

To Sir Edward Boughton Bt owner of certain lands, one plot 3a.

To Thomas Johnson owner of certain lands late the land of Thomas Smith and a cottage common late belonging to Wm Clarke, one plot 4a.

To Nash Mason esq owner of certain lands, one plot 6a

To Thomas Horton owner of certain lands with right of common, one plot 12a.

To John Boswell owner of certain lands with right of common, one plot 6a.

To John Franklin owner of odd land, one plot 39 perches.    

To Duke of Grafton as owner of the yearly sum of 8s as incident to and parcel of the honour of Grafton called Cosgrove Certainty Money issuing out of the lands in the Field of Cosgrove, one plot 1a, which we judge to be full compensation for Cosgrove Certainty Money.

To said Duke owner of certain lands and other lands late land of Sarah Dixon and of other lands late the land of Thomas Horton and of other lands late the land of Thomas Bedford, which said three parcels are the land of the said Duke on the respective deaths of Sarah Dixon, Thomas Horton and [blank] Goldsworth, one plot 45a.

To all present and future inhabitants of Cosgrove all that parcel of land called St Vincent’s Well.

Inclosure 1768       

Allotments 1626a common land

Rector

glebe

32

 

 

Tithe

168

 

 

Tithe

8

 

 

 

208

12%

 

 

 

 

Rector of Furtho

glebe

48

 

 

Tithe

47

 

 

 

95

6%

 

 

 

 

John Biggin

Pott. glebe

23

 

 

Pott tithe

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common lands

271

 

 

 

298

18%

 

 

 

 

John Mansel

Old Farm

66

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common land

425

 

 

 

491

30%

 

 

 

 

F E Whalley

7%

123

 

John Wilmer

 

18

 

Joseph Scrivener

 

10

 

Edward Bloxham

 

4

 

John Rookes

 

2

 

Thomas Kingston

 

2

 

Thomas Angel

 

1

 

Thomas Ingram

 

1

 

Mary Murray +m

 

2

 

Jn Wms late Th Bland

 

38

 

Gabriel Rand

 

2

 

Lord Spencer

 

1

 

Dr Radcliffe’s Trust

 

1

 

John Rye

 

52

3%

Nathan Franklin

 

71

4%

Martha Gurney

 

33

 

Vicar of Newport Pagnell

 

18

 

Wm Corbett

 

22

 

Rd Rand

 

8

 

Bicester Feoffees

 

3

 

Jn Smith

 

2

 

Sir Ed Boughton Bt

 

3

 

Thomas Johnson

 

4

 

Nash Mason

 

6

 

Thomas Horton

 

12

 

John Boswell

 

6

 

John Franklin

 

39 perches

 

 

 

 

 

Grafton Cosgrove Certainty

 

1

 

Lands re Dixon, Horton, Beds

 

45a

 

 

 

 

 

Inhabitants St Vincent’s Well

 

 

 

27 excl Grafton

 

 

 

28 small owners

 

 

 

19 with 10a or less

 

 

 


NRO Incl Awards Vol B pp 192-215 contd    1767         

Highways

Public road leading out of the turnpike road in Old Stratford leading towards the town of Northampton nearly the same as hath heretofore been used [A508]

Public road from town of Cosgrove into road leading from Old Stratford to Northampton at Upper Cresses Furlong [Yardley Road]

Public road leading out of last mentioned road at or near Cob Bush to Castle Thrupp Bridge co Bucks leading towards Hanslope [Station Road, Castlethorpe]

Public road leading out of first described road at or near Quarry Bridge into town of Cosgrove at a place called New Close [Stratford Road]

All these public roads to be 60 ft and continued over lands as hitherto.

Public bridle way leading out of Old Stratford to Northampton road near Upper Cresses Furlong to a gate called Cuttle Gate, 30 ft, as now used.

Public bridle way out of OS –N road near Airs Stocking Gap into road leading to Hanslope Road near Hilmoor Leys, 20 ft, as now used.

Private cart and drift road along last mentioned bridle way from Airs Stocking Gap for use of abutting owners.

Private cart and drift road along public bridle way leading to old inclosures of Firtho at Cuttle Gate for use of Arnold Trustees and Pulter Forester as other abutting owner.

NRO Incl Awards Vol B pp 192-215 contd   1767     

Highways Contd

Expedient to make a new road through Jones’s Close and Wilmer’s Close, therefore order a private cart road and drift road from common street of Cosgrove to Cosgrove Mill.

Also a private cart and drift road leading out of town of Cosgrove to a house or ten. of Revd Pulter Forester late purchased of Edward Bloxham.

Another private cartway leading out of last mentioned way near cottage in occ. John Hutt, 20 ft.

Private cart or drift raod leading out of OS – N’ton road, 30 ft.

Private cartway out of town of Cosgrove, 13 ft.

Another private cartway out of town of Cosgrove, 20 ft.

Public footway out of turnpike road at ancient stile called Turnpike Stile into anc. Incl. of Furtho leading towards the town of Potterspury.

Public footway out of road leading to town of Cosgrove near Stones Furlong to a stile called Bird Close Stile leading to Old Stratford.

Public footway from ancient inclosure called Lords Close to a stile leading into ancient inclosure called Pond Close.

Public footway from Lords Close to ancient inclosure called Corbett’s Close.

NRO Incl Awards Vol B pp 192-215 contd   1767     

Highways Contd

Public footway form Corbet’s Close to stile in Lower Long Close

Public footway from Lower Long Close to road leading to Hanslope at Bidwell Meadow.

Public footway from town of Cosgrove to gate leading to old incl. of John Biggin bel. Cosgrove Mill.

Public footway from Lower Long Close into Yardley Field.

Public footway leading out of last described footway to the plank or wooden bridge leading to Wolverton Mill.

All public footways to be 3 ft wide.

Private footway from farmhouse of John Mansel in town of Cosgrove to one of JM’s allotments, 3ft.

Exchanges then listed. Includes one involving an ancient ten. or croft, yard and garden in Old Stratford adjoining ground whereon Furtho Rectory House stood.

Expenses of grass seed for sowing open fields is £314  3s  4.75d, of ring fences £119  7s  4d, cost of obtaining and executing Act £1006  0s  4.25d, total £1439  11s  1d. To be paid by owners in proportion to allotments.

Signed by commissioners 22 Dec 1767

NRO, Glebe Terriers 1771

Cosgrove Rector Lands and Tithes: By Act of 1767 all fields of Cosgrove were inclosed, and a more convenient allotment of lands was awarded in lieu of tithes great and small, and a more convenient glebe appointed, as follows:

Lands allotted as part of glebe and for a more convenient homestead, abut SW on John Mansel, SE on river Ouse, NE by John Williams and Gabriel Rand, NW on street and homestead of the rectory. 24.3.11.

Steany Meadow abuts E on river, S on Thrupp Road, W and N on John Biggin. 22.2.25.

Another parcel abuts N on Northampton road, NE on G. Mansel esq., SE on J. Biggin esq., S on John Rye now Mr Biggin. 40.1.32.

Another parcel abuts SW on lands of Mr Whaley, NW on Northampton road, NE on William Corbett and John Rye. 61.2.38.

Another parcel abuts NW, N and NE on old incl. of Furtho and a piece of Whalley's Charity land, W on rector of Furtho and Mr Whalley and S on Northampton road. 44.3.33.

NB: Under Act all lands above to be leased by rector to Matthew Knapp esq. for 15 years from Lady Day 1768 to enable subdivisions and fences to be completed.

Grounds which contain the mansion house, offices, stables, farmyards and barns contain 3.1.6.

In all: 197.3.25.

All the tithes of Kenson Fields, also of Browns Wood, and also the tithes of such closes at Cosgrove and Old Stratford for which no compensation was made by land in exchange, and Easter offerings and surplice fees belong to the rectory.

Buildings belonging to the rector are: mansion house, offices and stables, and other conveniences complete, tog. with two barns and other buildings for occ. of farm, and one new barns in new grounds. This is exact account taken 4 July 1771; signed rector and wardens.

NRO, Grant (Li), A 1

1771-2

Unlisted box of miscellaneous deeds etc. includes a draft (not fully dated) of an indictment accusing Richard Whitmay of Cosgrove of setting up a place in Cosgrove for the reception of people with smallpox, no-one in parish then suffering from smallpox and there being no house for reception of those suffering from smallpox. Took in people from other parishes with smallpox and inoculated them. Dangerous example to those around him and likely to spread disease to Cosgrove. Not fully dated, just 11 Geo. III.

Also a draft of a brief on same case. Richard Whitmay rents a little farm in Cosgrove, which is a large village with a great number of poor and parish levies very high. In 1771 Whitmay opened his house to inoculate. Major Mansel, a JP with a large estate in parish, sent men to stop him, pointing out risk of spreading smallpox in village. Neither inteaties nor threats had any effect. Inoculated several people, including his own family; one of his children died [Buried Molly Whitmay Feb 27th 1771]. This and threat of prosecution from Mansel put an end to house. Inoculation may be a good thing but it should be done in proper places; if a man does it in a town he threatens to ruin all his neighbours.

In Cosgrove, Mr Biggin, a man of fortune, has lately purchased an estate and laid out a great sum in repairing and building his seat, which is within yards of Whitmay’s which is near in the front to Mr Biggin's, and so it is necessary to consider how to stop people making hospitals merely for gain near gentlemen's seats.

Whitmay's house stands near the mill and another house and malting and adjoins the footway from the town leading to the mill and to Castlethorpe and Hanslope, where people daily pass.

Whitmay may say that no-one in Cosgrove has caught the disease. But people must be shown they cannot open hospitals just anywhere, or it will ruin whole parishes.

Brief to support an indictment for inoculation against smallpox. To be tried at Northants Lent assizes 1772. Whitmay now said to have started 1 March 1771.

NRO, YZ 6032

1773

Will dated 28 Feb. 1772, proved 2 Decx. 1773, of Joseph Smith of Cosgrove weaver. Messuage in Cosgrove to daughter Mary Smith for life, then to grandson William Smith. To son Joseph Smith £10, to grandson William Garrett £30, to grandson Joseph Smith £130. Household goods to grandsons William and Joseph Smith. Residue to Mary Smith and William Smith.

NRO, YZ 1280

1776

23 Sept. 1776. Indre: Sir Williamn Wake etc., trustees of Hardingstone to Old Stratford turnpike, to Revd Pulter Forester DD of Cosgrove, ask’ing receipt of £120 and 10s. of share in tolls.

NRO   81p, 10             Econ Hist Mill 1787-9      

Overseers accounts levy 1787 Mrs Hutt pays for the mill, of list for 1789 for the same amount of 13s in same position in the list as John Dawson for Mills.

Presumably Mrs Hutt has been at the Mill since her husband died and the changeover appears towards the end of the churchwarden’s accounts.

NRO, 81p/10

1787-9

The levy in the overseers’ accounts for 1787 includes an entry for Mr Frankling for Malting, which does not appear in the 1787 levy (there is no levy for 1788). Not clear whether malting is in Cosgrove or Old Stratford.

NRO. 81/10

1792

Levy for 1792 is broken down by place and shown that Mr Franklin’s ten. (not said to be a malting) was in Cosgrove. Dawson the miller appears in same part of list.

NRO, 81p/264

1799

Church rate assessment 30 March 1799 lists John Pittam for Malting, rental £8 8s., in Cosgrove section of the list

NRO  ZA  370   

1787

Cosgrove manor court, 24 Sept. 1787 another perambulation.  After appointment of officers and freehold presentments a perambulation.

The outbounds of this manor beginning at the Mill Holme extend along and are bounded by the river Ouse beyond Grig’s Island to Stratford Bridge, including the said island within this manor.

From thence to north direction through the window of the late Thomas Ingram’s at Old Stratford

And following same road to house late of Joseph Kightley in ten. Thomas Blake.

And from thence to bottom of Water Close and leading into the Northampton Road.

And from thence into the Chester Road following this direction to Byers Watering.

And from Byers Watering up Shrob Lane into Shrob Wood, down the riding to the second gate of Mr. Cibnall’s Lawn, along the balk on the same lawn to an angle leading to the stile of Corn Close and straight across the same close.

And in the same direction over Hollowell Meadow to Hollowell.

From thence up Tripping Balk to the late common highway admeasuring 56 feet at the top of Hollowell and 40 yards further on from the North hedge, following the said highway to Newman’s house, the same standing on the north, and crossing Puxley Green into Richard Scrivener’s grounds, following the ditch into Brown’s Wood Lane and out of the same lane through the said Richard Scrivener’s garden, across the pale mound of the same garden at a distance of 30 feet from his house.

Then direct round Brownswood leading to the Stockings to the gate at the Stocking Corner, and leading from thence on the west side the Stockings into the Chester Road at Potterspury Town’s End.

Following the same road in a south east direction to Mr. Capes’s new field, turning in through the hedges 160 feet from Mrs Beacuamp’s old inclosure , and up the furlong to the cross this day made.

And from thence to Furtho inclosure admeasuring 212 feet abutting between two ash trees.

And from thence in a north easterly direction to Furtho Green, taking about three acres of the said green as this day marked out, crossing over and taking in part of Barn Fields Close, up the ditch side, taking in Davey Close and late Bowton’s into the Chester Road, following the same road to the house in occ. Thomas Claridge at Old Stratford.

From thence through late Claridge’s Close by Mr Sirett’s wall along Chapel Bulk and Furtho footway, through the first field in Mr. Sirett’s occupation and following the joint way between Over and Lower Pestel

From thence into late Mr. Wilmer’s Close and into the Northampton road, following the same road over the bridge up the Old Thrupp Road to Cob Bush, crossing the Hanslope road into Upper Sharpe’s 80 feet from the gate leading into Upper Sharpes and 32 feet from the north fence.

From thence down to the joint way by the hedge side leaving nine ridges on return in Lower Sharpe’s, the admeasurement at the bottom being 240 feet, from thence going up to Upper Sharpe’s Ridgway, crossing the same to the Northampton road, following the same road to Mr Rand allotment, and from thence following the water course to late Mr. Watts’s barn, and from thence to within 25 feet north west from the bridle gate through the hedge following the watercourse up Blackland Slade to the north corner of Boswell Close.

From thence in a straight direction 180 feet to Long Stockings, and from thence down the ridgeway of Crabtree Headland, and from thence down the ridgeway of Long Reeves Headland, and from thence down Fetche’m Ford Furlong to the river, following the same to Cosgrove Mill Holme.

NRO 81p/10   Econ Hist 1798   Mill    

1798 Poor law levy includes John Dawson, presumably at the mill. Also John Pittam, malting, which appears to replace earlier entry for Franklin.

NRO, YZ 6034

1802

23 Oct. 1802. Conveyance (1) William Smith of Towcester wheelwright, (2) Thomas Grant of Towcester esq., (3) Robert Dunsby of Cosgrove dealer, (4) Thomas Higgins of Towcester barber. Recites mortgage of 1755 and conveyance of 1765. Messuage etc. and orchard in Cosgrove. Mortgage 1755 redeemed, (2) assigns remainder of mortgage term (4) in trust for (3) £50.

NRO, YZ 6037

12 Feb 1805. Mortgage. From Robert Dunsby of Cosgrove higler, to Thomas Gulliver of Thomas yeoman. 2 messuages etc. and orchard in Cosgrove (as before) and two other messuages near to them. Principal £5 NRO, YZ 6038

NRO, YZ 6038

30 July 1806. (1) Robert Dunsby of Cosgrove higler, (2) Thomas Gulliver of Towcester yeoman, (3) John Meakins of Stony Stratford victualler, (4) Thomas Blakeman of Cosgrove boatman, (5) Jeremiah Clarke of Cosgrove gardener, (6) Thomas Higgins of Towcester.

Recites mortgage of 1805 and default. (3) purchased at auction for £76 6s. but no conveyance. (3) now sells to (4) for £70, £50 of which to be paid to (2) in discharge of mortgage, and £6 6s. to be paid to (1). 2 mess. in Cosgrove, with the NE part of the yard etc. they share with 2 others mess., recently separated by a fence (i.e. two-thirds of a yard). (6) holding remainder of mortgage term in trust for (4). (5) also a trustee.

NRO, YZ 6041

14/15 Feb. 1810. L/RL. (1) Thomas Blakeman of Cosgrove boatman, (2) Jeremiah Clarke of Cosgrove gardener, (3) Charles Cowley of Yardley Gobion baker, (4) Joseph Gallard of Yardley Gobion yeoman.

2 mess. in Cosgrove with yard, and the stable lately erected by (1).

To have estate in trust for three years, then (3) absolutely. Conson £70 10s.

NRO, YZ 6043

1813

25 Sept. 1813. Conveyance. (1) Charles Cowley of Yardley Gobion baker, (2) Joseph Gallard of Yardley Gobion yeoman, (3) John Amos of Wood Burcott yeoman, (4) John Holloway of Cosgrove labourer, (5) Daniel Kitelee of Cosgrove corn dealer, (6) John Christopher Mansel of Cosgrove esq.

Reciting mortgage of 1812. £30 paid to (3) by (4), and £45 to (1) by (4).

2 mess., yards etc, and stable in Cosgrove. (1) conveys to (4). (5) trustee for (4) , (6) trustee for (4) for remainder of mortgage term.

NRO  ZA  370   

1821

After presentment at court of 31 May, 1821 another perambulation

The outbounds of this manor beginning at the Mill Holme extend along and are bounded by the river Ouse beyond Grig’s Island to Stratford Bridge, including the said island within this manor.

From thence to north direction through the window of the late Thomas Ingram’s now in occ. George Cave’s house at Old Stratford into the Chester Road.

And following same road to house late of Joseph Kightley now of Richard Beasant late in ten. of Thomas Blake  now of said Richard Beasant.

And from thence to bottom of Water Close and leading into the Northampton Road.

And from thence into the Chester Road following this direction to Byers Watering.

And from Byers Watering up Shrob Lane into Shrob Wood, down the riding to the second gate of Mr. Richard Chibnall’s Lawn, along the balk on the same lawn to an angle leading to the stile of Corn Close and straight across the same close.

And in the same direction over Hollowell Meadow to Hollowell.

From thence up Tripping Balk to the late common highway admeasuring 56 feet at the top of Hollowell and 40 yards further on from the North hedge, following the said highway to late Newman’s now John Stringfield’s house, the same standing on the north, and crossing Puxley Green into Richard Scrivener’s grounds, following the ditch into Brown’s Wood Lane and out of the same lane through the said Richard Scrivener’s garden, across the pale mound of the same garden at a distance of 30 feet from his house.

Then direct round Brownswood leading to the Stockings to the gate at the Stocking Corner, and leading from thence on the west side the Stockings into the Chester Road at Potterspury Towns End.

Following the same road in a south east direction to Mr. Capes’s new field, turning in through the hedges 160 feet from the late Mr. Beachamp’s now Mr. Hume’s old inclosure, and up the furlong to a cross formerly made.

And from thence to Furtho inclosure admeasuring 212 feet abutting between two ash trees.

And from thence in a north easterly direction to Furtho Green, taking about 3 acres of the said green as this day marked out, crossing over and taking in part of Barn Fields Close, up the ditch side, taking in Davey’s Close and late Bowton’s now Hume’s Close into the Chester Road, following the same road to the house late in occ. Thomas Claridge at Old Stratford, now made into two tens in occ. Richard Sirett and William Eddy.

From thence through late Claridge’s now Sirettt’s Close by Mr. Sirett’s wall along Chapel Balk and Furtho footway, through the first field in Mr. Sirett’s occupation and following the joint way between Over and Lower Pestel.

From thence into late Mr. Wilmer’s now Mr. Green’s Close and into the Northampton road, following the same road over the bridge up the Old Thrupp Road to Cob Bush, crossing the Hanslope road into Upper Sharpe’s 80 feet from the gate leading into Upper Sharpes and 32 feet from the north fence.

From thence down to the joint way by the hedge side leaving nine ridges on return in Lower Sharpe’s Ridgway, the admeasurement at the bottom being 240 feet, from thence going up to Upper Sharpe’s Ridgway, crossing the same to the Northampton road, following the same road to Mr Rand’s allotment, now the property of George Harris.

And from thence following the water course to late John Wise’s and now John East’s barn, and from thence to within 25 feet north west from the bridle gate through the hedge following the watercourse up Blackland’s Slade to the north corner of late Boswell’s now Henry Horn’s Close.

From thence in a straight direction 180 feet to Long Stockings, and from thence down the ridgeway of Crabtree Headland, and from thence down the ridgeway of Long Reeve’s headland, and from thence down Fetcham Ford Furlong to the river, following the same river (except in the lower corner of Isworth meadow where a small slip belongs to Furtho, and except about six acres in the upper part of Steney Meadow which also belongs to Furtho) to Cosgrove Mill Holme.

NRO, YZ 6044

27 Dec. 1823. Assignment of mortgage term. (1) William Giant of Lichborough esq., (2) Ann Palmer of Cosgrove widow. (3) John Holloway of Cosgrove labourer, (4) Christopher Markham of Northampton gent.

Reciting mortgage of 1755. 2 mess. in Cosgrove with yard etc. and 2 other mess, in Cosgrove with yard etc. and stable.

(4) to hold in trust for (3).

NRO, YZ 6036

1802-1810

Certificate of burial.

13 May 1802 Elizabeth Smith at Towcester
25 July 1810 Thomas Blakeman
28 March 1810 Comfort Dunsby at Cosgrove.
Note of conversion by Robert Dunsby of old butcher’s shop into cottage, 1802-3, by Edward Jones.

NRO  ZA  370   

1838     

The outbounds of this manor beginning at the Mill Holme extend along and are bounded by the river Ouse beyond Grigs Island to Stratford Bridge, including the said island within this manor.

From thence to north direction through the window of Mr. George Cave’s house now in occ. Wm Johnson at Old Stratford into the Chester Road.

And following same road to house late of Richard Beasant and now of George Cox late in ten. of Richard Beasant and now John Cox.

And from thence to bottom of Water Close and leading into the Northampton Road.

And from thence into the Chester Road following this direction to Byers Watering.

And from Byers Watering up Shrob Lane into Shrob Wood, down the riding to the second gate of Mr. Thomas Brafields (late Chibnall’s) Lawn, along the balk on the same lawn to an angle leading to the stile of Corn Close and straight across the same close.

And in the same direction over Hollowell Meadow to Hollowell.

From thence up Tripping Balk to the late common highway admeasuring 56 feet at the top of Hollowell and 40 yards further on from the North hedge, following the said highway to late John Stringfield’s now William Frost’s House, the same standing on the north, and crossing Puxley Green into Richard Scrivener’s grounds, following the ditch into Brown’s Wood Lane and out of the same lane through the said Richard Scrivener’s garden, across the pale mound of the same garden at a distance of 30 feet from his house.

Then direct round Brownswood leading to the Stockings to the gate at the Stocking Corner, and leading from thence on the west side the Stockings into the Chester Road at Potterspury Town’s End.

Following the same road in a south east direction to Mr. Capes’s new field, turning in through the hedges 160 feet from the late Mr. Hames’s now Mr. Capes’s old inclosure, and up the furlong to a cross formerly made.

And from thence to Furtho inclosure admeasuring 212 feet abutting between two ash trees.

And from thence in a north easterly direction to Furtho Green, taking about 3 acres of the said green as this day marked out, crossing over and taking in part of Barn Fields Close, up the ditch side, taking in Davey’s Close and late Bowton’s now Capes’s Close into the Chester Road, following the same road to the house late in occ. Thomas Claridge at Old Stratford, now made into two tens in occ. John Hutton and William Wager.

From thence through late Claridge’s now Hatton’s Close by Mr. Hatton’s wall along Chapel Balk and Furtho footway, through the first field in Mr. Joseph Clare’s occupation and following the joint way between over and lower Pestal.

From thence into late Mr. Wilmer’s now Mr. Green’s Close and into the Northampton road, following the same road over the bridge up the Old Thrupp Road to Cob Bush, crossing the Hanslope road into Upper Sharpe’s 80 feet from the gate leading into Upper Sharpes and 32 feet from the north fence.

From thence down to the joint way by the hedge side leaving nine ridges on return in Lower Sharpe’s, the admeasurement at the bottom being 240 feet, from thence going up to Upper Sharpe’s Ridgway, crossing the same to the Northampton road, following the same road to Mr Rand’s allotment, now the property of John Gregory.

And from thence following the water course to late Mr. Watts’s and now John Wise’s barn, and from thence to within 25 feet north west from the bridle gate through the hedge following the watercourse up Blackland Slade to the north corner of relates Boswell’s now Henry Horn’s Close.

From thence in a straight direction 180 feet to Long Stockings, and from thence down the ridgeway of Crabtree Headland, and from thence down the ridgeway of Long Reeves headland, and from thence down Fetcham Ford Furlong to the river, following the same river (except in the lower corner of Isworth meadow where a mall slip belongs to Furtho, and except about six acres in the upper part of Steyning Meadow which also belongs to Furtho) to Cosgrove Mill Holme.

NRO YZ 2223      Gen top 1829    

What appears to be another stray given by Miss Wake (like YZ2222) but much earlier.  Endorsed: re Bridge Meadow, Cosgrove Glebe, 1829, in a late C19 hand.

Note attached to plan, signed John Durham jun., Old Stratford Jan. 1829.  I have taken levels of land adjacent to the road leading from Old Stratford to Castlethorpe where same crosses river at County Bridge [summarises findings]; at time of floodwater which formerly pass through arches which have been stopped up is prevented from running off when the flood goes down, but is tailed back on the Great Meadow, which thereby suffers considerable injury.  But when the arches were open, it being the lowest ground, the ground naturally ran off.  Also notes that ground rises very steeply on either side of river so there is nowhere water can run off in that direction.

Plan shows meadow in occ. of Joseph Kightlee on upstream [north] side of river on Northants bank, bounded on W. side by a dike running parallel with river, and linked to river by crosscut immediately on north side of road leading up to bridge.  Ground on Bucks side noted as too high for water to flood this area, so floods the meadow on the Northants side.

The dike parallel to river is shown going under road, which is carried on embankment from here to bridge, with four arches (two show as blocked) draining cross-dike, before road comes to bridge proper, where there are two new arches shown as well as the main channel with two cut waters creating three streams of water.  The country bridge thus has five streams in all passing beneath it.  Approach from Northants side not part of the bridge.

Since Bridge Meadow is listed (but not mapped) as part of Cosgrove (i.e. Rectory Farm) on YZ 2222 (c 1900), presumably endorsement on YZ 2223 is correct in saying that this is the plan of Bridge Meadow, part of glebe, in 1829.

NRO, 81p/12

1844

Parish poor house to become National School:

Draft conveyance. Deed poll from Maria Margaret Mansel of Cosgrove widow, under School Sites Act, conveying to rector, churchwardens and overseers of the poor of Cosgrove all that freehold cottage or tenement with outhouses etc. in Cosgrove, near a placed called The Green, htf. in occupation Richard Pettifer late of James Gostick and now unoccupied, lately belonging  to the parish of Cosgrove and used for the reception of the poor thereof. To hold to said rector etc. for purposes of School Sites Act, and upon trust to permit premises and all buildings thereon erected or to be erected thereon to be forever appropriated for use as a day and Sunday school for the education of children and adults or children only of the labouring, manufacturing and other poor classes in the parish of Cosgrove and as a residence for the schoolmaster or schoolmistress or both, and for no other purpose.

School always to be in union with the National Society and conducted according to its principles. Shall be under general management of rector but open to inspection from inspectors under order in council 10 Aug. 1840.

Draft not fully dated. On foolscap paper, not engrossed.

NRO, YZ 6045

1851. Abstract of title. 1765-1823. Pp. 16-17: Descent of title from John Holloway and Ann Palmer to Joseph Kinch of Cosgrove, corndealer, 1826. Ann Palmer pulled the two messuages down and built a new one in 1816 p. 18 missing

This is the end of sequence starting at YZ 6028

NRO, Glebe Terriers 1852

Terrier of all land etc. belonging to rectory and parish church of Cosgrove, in possession of  John Graham MA, rector, 10 May 1852.

Terrier taken from plan made in 1824:

A

Church and Churchyard

0

2

36

B

House, buildings, pleasure ground

2

0

16

C

Orchard

1

0

20

D

Kitchen Garden

2

10

1

Grass field: Doctor’s Piece

9

2

1

2

Washing Troughs

8

1

31

3

Washing Troughs

10

3

17

4

Long Land

14

0

0

5

Shrub Furlong

5

0

38

6

Shrub Furlong

7

3

37

7

Lower Cresses (Grass)

9

3

23

8

Between Ways

4

2

14

9

Upper Haydon

8

3

16

10

Haydon Furlong

9

2

4

11

Cuttel Furlong

8

2

17

12

Cuttel Furlong

9

1

16

13

Black Furlong

9

0

17

14

Street Furlong

16

3

10

15

Long Wool Land

13

1

33

16

Sandy Land (Grass)

9

1

1

17

Upper Street Furlong

8

2

9

18

Upper Wool Land

9

1

14

19/20

Two Grass Fields (Steany Meadow) area not on plan, estimated

32

0

0

Farm buildings in No. 7: cottage, stable, barn and other outbuildings, rick and foldyards.

Grass field (Carr's Close) contiguous to village green, about 1a.
Cottage, garden and orchard adjoining above.
Small garden adjoining last.
Grass field (Bearswater) adjoining Great Chester Road, now in occ. Richard Scrivener, No 26 on plan taken in 1773. Area: 23.3.22

Rent charge in lieu of tithes which were commuted at £33 8s
Marriage fees and offerings at churchings.
All the sittings in the chancel and two pews in the church.
Easter offerings collected by the clerk and received by him for his support.
Belonging to the church one silver cup, one plated cup, one silver paten and one silver plate for the offerings.

Signed John Graham rector, Maria Margaret Mansel patron, two churchwardens (Thomas Dawson and William Clarke) and Daniel Warren.

NRO, FS 27/7 HALL ESTATE

18 Feb. 1856. Have decided to take the Priory for seven years with option to continue.

24 March 1856, Francis Thursby at 25 Clarendon Square, Leamington, to Fisher. Wish to take possession of Priory as soon as possible.

NRO, FS 27/19

18 April 1856. Lease from John Christopher Mansel to Francis Thursby of Clarendon Square, Leamington, esq. of the Priory House, closes of land (25a.) and premises at Cosgrove, 21 years. £160 p.a. Premises late in occupation of Miss Selby Lowndes and William Clarke.

NRO FS 27/7 Econ Hist Brewery 1862   

7 May 1862 D Warren writing on printed Cosgrove Brewery notepaper about taking the Barley Mow.

NRO FS 27/7

8 Feb. 1863. Mansel to Fisher. Don’t like sound of Boulton as a tenant. Only willing to let the Hall if I leave the district entirely. Wish to hang on as long as my health will stand it.

21 Sept. 1863. Charles G. Boulton, Edge Groves, Watford, to Fisher re taking Cosgrove Priory.

8 Jan. 1864. The Boultons are expected next week. I hope they like the place.

NONCONFORMITY

NRO, X958

A house in the possession of the Revd Thomas Searle certified as a meeting house 14 Jan. 1830.

NRO. X958

A messuage in occupation of John Sargeant certified as a meeting house 25 Nov. 1826

GRO Worship Register 1866

A building belonging to Mrs. Ann Baldwin registered to the Protestant Dissenters on 26 January 1886 and cancelled on 28 March 1906. Subsequently re-registered on 28 March 1906 by Alex McCrindle of London Road, Calverton End, Stony Stratford, Bucks. Assistant Engineer. This building was known as the Mission Hall and used by the Baptists. The registration was cancelled on 29 December 1970.

NRO FS 27/7 Econ Hist Brewery 1868

18 April 1868. Printed billhead for Cosgrove Brewery, nr Stony Stratford, bought of D Warren, ale and porter, hay, coal and corn merchant. D Warren has been crossed out by hand and Mr Clarke, or possibly W Clarke inserted.

NRO FS 27/7 Econ Hist Brewery 1874

Billhead of Cosgrove Brewery nr Stony Stratford. Bought of D Warren, ale and porter brewer, hay, coal and corn merchant. Bill for rent dinner, May 1874.

NRO FS 27/7   Econ Hist 1878   Mill  

1 May 1878. J Carr, Padbury Bucks, to James Reed, Cosgrove. Poor old Dawson is not more. Do you know if mill is promised to anyone? Is there any chance for me?

13 May 1878. Mansel to Fisher. Willison wished to become tenant of mill but I will not have him or any of his sons there. No doubt they intend to sell off and od as Dawson did but you must prevent that and tell them I shall not allow it. Have you found Dawson’s agreement? I have had another offer for the mill.

6 Aug 1878. Thomas Amos, Castlethorpe, to Fisher. I have settled with Bennett and Willison about the mill and shall enter on 8th inst. Would like to see you on the matter.

3 May 1878. Copy of newspaper notice of meeting of creditors of late Thomas Dawson of Cosgrove Mill, 7 May 1878 as to best way of winding up his affairs.

No record of will.

NRO FS 27/7   Econ Hist 1878   Mill        

11 July 1878. Thomas Amos, Castlethorpe, to Fisher. Hear there has been a sale at Cosgrove Mill today of the furniture etc. I saw Mr Bennett and he thought we might come to terms about the mill. Would like to meet you.

NRO, FS 27/7

27 Feb. [1878]. C.W. Carles, Darlaston Hall, Meriden, Coventry to Fisher. Am directed to apply for information re Cosgrove Priory which I see advertised in the 'Field'. Am looking for a house capable of being converted into a prep. school for about 50 boys; will you let for 21 years for this purpose. From description looks as if school buildings would have to be added. Can supply refs. re my school, which is preparatory for the public schools only.

https://www.cothill-trust.net/cet6history.php

[The school started its life in Darlaston Hall in Meriden, Warwickshire by its founder C W Carles, a graduate from Lincoln College, Oxford. In 1879, when larger accommodation was needed, the school moved to the current site we know today.

The property was purchased by C W Carles for the sum of £2900 and he set about expanding the school by building six dormitories, the Dining Hall and the Big Schoolroom. The fees were £100 per annum (boys under 13, 80 guineas), with a termly £1 charged for washing and £2 for Music. The boys started school when they were old enough to commence the Latin Grammar. In 1879 there were a total of 29 boys in the school; by 1881 the number had risen to 40.

The school changed hands in 1894 due to the ill health of Mr Carles. It was acquired by Messrs Dauglish and Knowles for the sum of £3000 – they had both been prominent athletes at Harrow. It was at this point that the first documentation of the school was initiated with names of boys entering the school, recorded on the honours boards situated in the Dining Hall – a tradition which still occurs today. In the early 1900’s the boys were taught Latin, Greek or Modern, Maths, French and English. The uniform consisted of a flannel shirt with an Eton collar, a Knickerbocker suit and strong boots. The boys had a daily cold bath and were allowed one weekly hot bath. Lunch in the Dining Hall was plentiful, with maids offering beef or mutton. After lunch extra fruit was provided to those whose parents had paid for it. }

In a sequence of letters re trying to let the Priory yet again. 13 May 1878. Mansel (still at Cosgrove Hall but very frail hand) to Fisher. Priory is let to Mr St Maur.

NRO FS 27/7 Econ Hist Brewery 1879   

21 June 1879. Printed letterhead, The Brewery, Cosgrove. Letter from F D Bull to Fisher asking for lease of Barley Mow, which he understands is vacant. Would take it on a lease and would not put in a tenant without securing JCM’s approval. You will remember my predecessors Warren had the house on lease.

NRO FS 27/7   Econ Hist 1879   Mill    

1879

16 Sept 1879. Mansel to Fisher. Wish to see you on various matters. Matter of mill is very serious and outlay will be much more than ought to be called upon to pay.

NRO FS 27/7   Econ Hist 1881   Mill       

1881

13 April 1881. JCM to Fisher. You must see Amos about the state of the mill, and if he is to neglect the place in the way in which he is now doing he must be given notice. It is costing me considerably more in repairs than the place is worth and it will be cheaper for me to put it up. Most of the work I did last summer is taken away by flood (not his fault) but the new wheel is also broken owing to his man working it during frost when ice was coming down.

Amos does good business at the mill and rather than stop for a day lets his man do all sorts of mischief. If he does not put the wheel in order we must take proceedings against him. Do not believe he intends to do anything and it will be as well to get rid of him. I will be better off without his rent at £30 a year even if I cannot get another tenant.

NRO SL 246  (NBP 50) Econ Hist Brewery 1888        

8 Oct 1888, an application for a brewer’s licence for Cosgrove Brewery was signed by all the directors.

26 Nov 1888. Seal affixed to contract for sale of Cosgrove Brewery from F D Bull to P Phipps & Co Ltd (no price stated)

31 Dec 1888. Seal was affixed to mortgage of Cosgrove Brewery securing £3000 and interest at 4% to G S Osborn and W R Bull. Also to assignment of goodwill of brewery business, Cosgrove and business and other debts, dated 21 Dec 1888. Also to agreement for tenancy of messuage at Cosgrove between P Phipps & Co Ltd and F D Bull 21 Dec 1888. Also to agreement as to services as brewer’s travellers between F D Bull and P Phipps & Co.

NRO, DFA 25

30 July 1889, John Worley of Stony Stratford, gent., to William Toombs, Cosgrove, carpenter. Recites deed of 31 March 1884 between Abraham Culverhouse and John Worley by which premises herein conveyed were other premises  mortgaged by Culverhouse. Interest in arrears; Worley seized rents pf premises and is now selling as mortgagee in possession. Sold by auction 20 June last at which William Toombs was highest bidder.

Sale to Toombs for £115 of five cottages formerly two cottages with gardens etc. on the Green in Cosgrove formerly in occupation of William England, John Liddy and John Lake (two unoccupied) and later in occupation of [Blank] Tustain and now David Merridan the remaining three being unoccupied and dilapidated.

NRO SL 246  (NBP 50) Econ Hist Brewery 1892                

5 April 1892. Resolved to give F D Bull three months’ notice that his services would not be required after 5 July next but that his position within the company would be considered in the meantime.

PARISH COUNCIL BOOK

NRO, 81/501

1894

First Cosgrove parish council minute book (to 1933).with In a Proper law stationer's parish council minute book, Printed summary of 1894 Act at the front.

4 Dec. 1894. Parish meeting to elect council, called by overseers, of whom Francis D. Bull takes chair but then steps down when he is nominated for council. 80 electors present. 15 nominations for council of nine members. The minutes allowed for questioning candidates. Vote then held. Top candidate gets 60 votes, lowest successful candidate gets 34. Six candidates not elected, including  rector, who comes bottom of poll with 10 votes. F.D. Bull also not elected. J.J. Atkinson and H. Grant-Thorold both elected. Other overseer, John Panter, is elected. One candidate demands poll.

17 Dec. Poll held. Rector is now elected, also Eli Baker, who demanded the poll. O.W. Richardson and William Cross (lowest two successful candidates on show of hands) not elected on poll.

31 Dec. First meeting of parish council. David Jones elected chairman of meeting. Jones and Atkinson both nominated to be chairman of council. On show of hands Atkinson elected 4-3. Grant-Thorold elected clerk nem. con. Hewson (rector) elected vice-chairman nem.con. Bucks. & Oxon. Bank, Stony, appointed treasurer.

Agreed to meet every month. Seven days notice to be given on motion. Overseers asked to collect a penny rate for council.

4 February 1895

Committee formed to report on lighting Old Stratford (to confer with Deanshanger PC and Stony Stratford lighting committee) and Cosgrove. Committee formed to report on Whalley’s charity and any other charity belonging to the village.

18 March Grant-Thorold resigns as clerk because unable to attend meetings. Parish constable for Cosgrove and parish constable for Old Stratford  appointed (sic; nominated). Each paid 5s. a day for time lost on duty. Precept of £15 on overseers.

1 April 1895. Annual parish meeting. 30 present. Accounts  of Whalley's Charity presented and discussed. Provision a public bathing place discussed but no resolution.

19 April. Annual meeting of parish council. Atkinson re-elected chairman; Two overseers appointed; ‘no overseers were appointed to fill the place of the churchwardens’; T. Seymour appointed an asst overseer so that he may be clerk to parish council at 2gns p.a.

Condition of parish houses discussed; to investigate. Further discussion of Whalley’s charity; of offer of Stony Stratford (West) PC to lend their copy of will accepted.

6 may. Discussion about footpath to Castlethorpe; Lord Carrington trying to close. To ask RDC to put roads and footpaths in village in order. Discussion about adopting Baths and Washhouses Act to provide a bathing place; agreed better to do it privately; Grand Junction Canal Co. to be approached for help.

10 June. Report on parish houses. In very bad condition. Letter from clerk of county council saying that in 1830 two cottages and gardens were transferred to John Baker, T.T. Dawson and others by J.C. Mansel for 10s. on trust to be used as a workhouse and for other purposes. Copy of this deed enrolled in Chancery to be obtained. Grand Junction Canal has agreed to help provide a bathing place.

2 July. Letter from NCC asking for complete list of parish docs. under LGA 1894 s. 17(9). Has been sent. Deed shows that parish houses definitely belong to parish; parish meeting to be called to consider what should be done. Bathing place now finished.

30 July. Agreed to ask Canal Co. to help with cost of lighting aqueduct; question of lighting rest of village postponed.

1 Oct. Parish houses have been inspected. Larger block might be repaired but other two should be pulled down and rebuilt. But decided to repair all four. Canal Co. will not light aqueduct; RDC to be approached.

4 Nov. 1895. Vol. sub. to be raised for limited lighting scheme. Council to attend joint meeting with two Stony parish councils to discuss Whalley's charity.

3 Dec. Two oil lamps fixed and money collected to meet running costs. No bank will lend money on security of rent to repair four parish houses. Agreed to approach local court of A.O. Foresters. Joint meeting with Stony agrees, that each parish shall appoint two trustees for Whalley charity.

20 Dec. Parish meeting re parish houses. Profuse apologies from Atkinson, who was prepared to explain trust to meeting; has had to go down to Yorkshire. Opinion of Markham and another solicitor show parish council now owns these houses. Foresters will advance £100. Trustees to be appointed by council and repair put in hand.

7 Jan. 1896. Foresters need custody of deeds before they will lend money. This to be arranged.

4 Feb: Appears that for last 20 years overseers have been insuring 'parish houses' parish no longer owns. Refund to be sought. New policy for £300 to be taken out to cover the seven houses now vested in parish council. Deed enrolled in 1830 was removed in 1832 and cannot now be found; remover (G.H. King) believed to be an overseer. Forester to be asked what other security they would accept.

3 March. Two constables appointed for Cosgrove and one for Old Stratford. Four trustees appointed for the parish houses.

30 March 1900. Annual parish meeting. Routine.

10 April. Annual meeting of parish council. elections.

24 July. G.F. Branson offers to buy two parish houses adjoining Mr H. Grant-Thorold's at 15 years purchase. Felt to be fair offer; money should be used for playground for the children of the village. Branson to be told £90 considered fair.

28 July. Adjourned until reply received from Branson, who offers £120 for the block (incl. parish cottages and one belonging to HG-T). Parish meeting to be called to discuss.

10 Aug. Parish meeting. To pull down and rebuild two cottages would cost £400-£450, which would be difficult to raise. Chairman (Atkinson) stated he had tried to raise funds for a public reading room but failed. Meeting resolves to sell houses for £65.

5 Nov. Joint meeting of Cosgrove parish council and parish meetings of Stony Stratford East and West for appointing trustees of Whalley's charity.

27 Nov. Reported that St Vincent's Well had been fenced and gated but gate not locked. Owner says he is just keeping cattle out. Chairman to inspect incl. award and report.

4 March 1901. Two parish constable appointed.

27 March 1906. Annual parish meeting. Routine.

12 April. Annual meeting of parish council. Routine re-elections. Notice received fron NCC re ‘Proposed New School at Cosgrove’ laid on table.

26 Nov. The ‘Old Cottages’ now in a dangerous condition. Tenders to be sought for demolition.

8 Dec. Ministry of Health condemns parish cottages opposite Plough Inn: quite unfit for habitation. Tender accepted for demolition.

End of Parish Council Book

COSGROVE LODGE 1898

Will of Lewis Osborne (the last e has been underlined in pencil, as if to query it) of the borough of Bedford, draper. Appoints exors as trustees to sell all real and personal estate, a third of proceeds to wife Fanny Elizabeth and remainder divided among four children, issue of second wife Eliza King. Dated 12 March 1898. Proved Northampton 14 June 1898.

NRO YZ 2222     

1900   

Plan, roughly drawn and lettered and probably not exactly to scale, of the Rectory Farm, in Furtho and Cosgrove.  Undated but listed as c1900, which looks right on handwriting.  From context (i.e. adjoining catalogue cards) looks like a stray given by Joan Wake.

Plan shows existing farm buildings and farm cottage on site of present Rectory Farm, with proposed site for Farm House immediately to south of existing house.  All just inside Furtho.  With two lots of areas written on each parcel, as though an old survey had been corrected.  Various lists of parcels in spaces in between fields showing various totals for the farm or parts of it.

Mark up field names on 6 in.  Some in Furtho, some in Cosgrove.  Could be based on Cosgrove incl. map.  Parcels are listed in margin to show 97.0.30 pasture and 112.0.21 rable.  But add to this Carr’s Close, which is an additional 1a. of pasture and Bears Watering, additional 25a pasture, and get a final total of 123.0.30 pasture.  Add to that arable and get a grand total of 235.1.11, not all of which appears on map.  Also a marginal note of Bridge Meadow (not on map) which is 33.1.0a permanent grass.

COSGROVE GREEN FARM/COSGORVE LODGE 1902

NRO, SNP 13

11 Oct. 1902. John Andrew Percival of Peterborough gent. and Herbert Percival of Walton (Northants.) barrister to George Frederick Branson of The Elms, Cosgrove. Recites will of Henry Pearson Gates dated 30 Oct. 1890 appointing vendors as trustees to sell. Henry Pearson Gates d. 6 May 1893; will proved 6 July 1893 in PPE; widow d. 1902, so that sale can now go ahead. Sale to George Frederick Branson for £1,515 of pasture with messuage called Green Farm in Cosgrove (15.1.27) in occupation George Valentine (pink on plan); pasture (green on plan) in occ. George Valentine (3.3.32); land and three cottages (0.2.38) (blue on plan). The plan shows the 15a. on either side of the track across the Green (beyond school) between Branson's Elm Farm in South and Atkinson's Cosgrove Priory estate in North. Farm is on the North side of the track. The 3.3.32 is the parcel which includes St Vincent's well and also the house on the smaller plot between that field and the Green Farm property. The cottages are adjoining Green Farm.

COSGROVE

NRO, SNP 13

MISC.DEEDS 1902

11 Oct. 1902. Conveyance. John Andrew Percival of Peterborough gent. and Herbert Percival of Walton, barrister, to Georg Frederick Branson of The Elms, Cosgrove, gent. for £1,515. 1 piece of pasture land with messuage or farmhouse etc. called Green Farm at Cosgrove (15.1.27); one piece of pasture (30.3.32) at Cosgrove, all in occ. Geo. Valentine; one piece of land with three cottages built thereon at Cosgrove (0.2.38) in occupation of Chapman, Beasley, Green. Plan (not seen, slipped from card) shows land to be near The Green and St Vincent's well.

COSGROVE

NRO, SNP 13

MISC.DEEDS 1902

11 Oct. 1902. Conveyance. John Andrew Percival of Peterborough gent. and Herbert Percival of Walton, barrister, to Georg Frederick Branson of The Elms, Cosgrove, gent. for £1,515. 1 piece of pasture land with messuage or farmhouse etc. called Green Farm at Cosgrove (15.1.27); one piece of pasture (30.3.32) at Cosgrove, all in occ. Geo. Valentine; one piece of land with three cottages built thereon at Cosgrove (0.2.38) in occupation of Chapman, Beasley, Green. Plan (not seen, slipped from card) shows land to be near The Green and St Vincent's well.

COSGROVE

MISC.DEEDS 1911

NRO, BHP 8

1 Aug. 1911. Mortgage from George Frederick Branson of Chingford Hall, Leyton (Essex) gent. to Mary Ann Mcqueen of 4 Ellerslie Mansions, Cornwallis Gardens, Hastings (Sx) widow and Lt-Col. James Arthur Harris Lindsay of 59 Clarence Parade, Southsea (Hants) RA, for £3,000 of messuage and closes at Cosgrove (54.3.28).

BNP 9

20 Sept. 1911. Re-conveyance from Macqueen and Linday to George Frederick Branson of Chingford for £3,000. of premises as in BNP 8.

BNP 10

20 Sept. 1911. Mortgage from Branson to London & South Western Bank Ltd of messuage. And 54.3.281 at Cosgrove.

COSGROVE LODGE 1911

NRO, map 3638

Tracing (possibly by Joan Wake, since Maps 3639-3645 are marked up OS 1:2500 connected with field name survey, presumably by Joan Wake) of a sale plan: Cosgrove Lodge, to be sold by auction, Cock Hotel, Stony Stratford, 20 Oct. 1911 at 4 p.m. Wood & Co., auctioneers, Northampton.

Shows same area as Map 1200 (1889) with field names (use OS nos. from Map 1200):
OS 251 Trust Meadow 6.2.12

OS 237 Ford Meadow 9.2.11

OS 237 The Walls 6.2.33

OS 236 Hill Ground 17.2.10
 
OS 227 Divided into two: field to SW of Lodge is OS 2213 in 1911, Home Field, 6.0.0; ground to SE (in front) of Cosgrove Lodge is The Paddock, 1.2.0.

OS 209 The Meadow 6.3.2; OS 208 in 1911.

All above are marked Lot 1 on the tracing. Lot 2 is a field to NW of Cosgrove Lodge containing St Vincent's Well and also the little intrusion (OS 210) into this field. The major part is OS 225. 3.9718.

Lot 3 is the field adjoining OS 225 to NE, labelled The Green (which is just place-name, not field-name), OS 207, 8.331.

Lots 2 and 3 (excl. pt. of OS 210, which is part of the property being sold in 1889) are marked H.P. Gates as an abutting owner in 1889, whereas they are included in the sale in 1911. But Lot 1 is the same (subject to small parcel OS 210) as the property being sold in 1889.

Abutting owners on Map 3638 are Canal Co., written across Broad Water, and H. Grant Thorold on strip between canal and OS 227 (1889) or OS 228 (1911) SW of Lodge.

COSGROVE MISC.DEEDS 1912-13

NRO, BNP 11

16 Feb. 1912. Mortgage. G.F. Branson to Mary Ann Macqueen and J.A.H. Lindsay for £800 of The Green, Cosgrove (8.1.12), now in occ. Wm Clarke, and piece of pasture in Cosgrove (3.3.32), also occ. Wm Clarke, and piece of land ox orchard (part of larger piece which cont. 0.2.38) at Cosgrove in occ. Wm Clarke.

With plan showing Green, School and St Vincent's Well (not seen; slipped from list).

NRO, BNP 12

23 Sept. 1913. Conveyance from Macqueen and Lindsay to London & S.W. Bank for £375 of Well Close (cont. St Vincent's well), 3.3.32, and another piece of land or orchard at Cosgrove. With plan similar to BNP 11.

Northants. N. & Q., new ser. Iv (1912-20), 129-32

‘Cosgrove Hall, Northamptonshire’ by the Editor (i.e. C. A. Markham). (Published in no. 5 Oct. 1913).

On approaching the village from Stony Stratford, first house on the right is a charming one storied thatched cottage, which is entrance lodge to carriage drive leading to hall. House is of local limestone, almost square in plan, of three storeys, upper rooms having square windows in roof.

Carriage drive leads up to main entrance, which is in centre of NW front, and is sheltered by a porch added after hall was built. Above this is a curiously wrought stone, carved to represent the east end of apse of an ecclesiastical building.
Stone brought from priory of black canons at Tynemouth (Northumberland), by wife of Major J. C. Mansel, who was Miss M. A. Linskill of Tynemouth Lodge.

On either side of porch is window opening into hall and above there are three more windows. On either side four flat pilasters, having capitals of composite order, running from ground to roof, and on SE front there are also eight pilasters which have plain capitals. Above the windows on ground floor there is a very heavy string course, which runs right round building. All windows have broad flat raised borders, with small projecting keystones.

On NE side there is a small conservatory, leading out of the drawing room, which is quite modern, having been erected since time George Clarke made drawings of house (two paintings of NW and SE fronts by George Clarke facing p. 129).

Roof is high pitched and was originally tiled, but is now slated.

Hall is small and leads on right to drawing room, which is large and handsome, and is loftier that rest of house; rooms above being reached by several steps to allow for the additional height. Room occupies whole of the eastern wing of house. Adjoining is dining room fronting SE. Beyond this is a small study which opens into Justice’s Room. Beyond is kitchen and servants’ quarters. Main staircase is at end of hall, opposite drawing room. Upstairs 16 bedrooms and dressing rooms and in wing on left a suite of rooms for a bachelor.

On lawn, opposite front door, there are two magnificent cedar trees, which appear to be about 120 years old.

Quotes passages about Hall from Bridges and Baker.
John Biggin’s second son, but heir by survivorship. George Biggin, took estate and died 3 Nov 1803, having devised property to George Mansel, 5th son of Major General John Mansel and his sister Mary Anne Biggin. Capt. George Mansel d. 8 Dec. 1808 and estate passed by settlement and devise to eldest brother John Christopher Mansel.

We find that Edward Furtho (d. 1621) was seised of manor of Furtho and two capital messuages in Cosgrove. On partition of estates between his two sister and coheirs, Cosgrove was assigned to Nightingale, wife of Samuel Maunsell. Soon after his death about 1630, she married for her second husband Francis Longueville, who d. 1646. She had one son by first husband, Edward Mansell, from whom was descended J. C. Mansel. By her 2nd husband she also had one son, Henry Longueville. He had three sons, the survivor of whom was Henry Longueville.

Of two capital messuages in Cosgrove which fell to Nightingale share, one was probably house west of church now known as The Cottage; other probably old building lying between Hall and church, now unoccupied. On this there is a caved stone;

NOLI * PECCARE
DEUS * VIDET
1652

One of these houses descended to Mansels, and other Nightingale conveyed, in her second widowhood, in 1656, to Henry Longueville, whose son, aforementioned Henry Longueville devised it in 1741 to Major General John Mansel. From general Manse the property passed to his son, J. C. Mansel, before mentioned.

Thus manor of Cosgrove, manor house, two capital messuages, water mil and whole estate passed to this John Christopher Mansel, who died 3 April 1839. From him the estate went to John Christopher Mansel, the son of his brother Robert Mansel, who predeceased him.

This J. C. Mansel, by deed 7 Oct. 1881 conveyed hall and greater part of Cosgrove estate to Alexander William Thorold of Weelsby, esq.

It is not known who actually built the present Hall, although it may have been Henry Longueville, grandson of Nightingale Longueville, who was a barrister of the Middle Temple and of Cosgrove and who died 26 Dec. 1741

The dovecot at Cosgrove stands within the grounds and to the north-west of the Hall.
This little building is entirely constructed of local limestone. It measures at the ground level nineteen feet, eight inches, by eighteen feet. The height to the eaves is fourteen feet, and above them the roof rises for about ten feet; the lantern, which is quite open and covered with lead being about four feet high. The roof used to be covered with red tiles, but it is now slated (1913). The doorway is on the north side and is four feet, six inches in height and three feet, two inches in width. The door itself appears to be original, and the upper hinge of wrought iron still remains. The walls are two feet , ten inches in thickness at the base, and slightly taper. Inside there are some 540 nests, and a good many pigeons are still kept in the building

NRO NBP 54       Econ Hist Inns  1919              

Phipps’ directors’ mins 18 November, 1919.  Particulars of sale on 26th instant of Plough and Barley Mow Inns, Cosgrove, and reported that Mr. Knight, a tenant of Plough, wished to buy his house.  MD of opinion that Co. should buy Barley Mow.  He had seen Northampton Brewery Company and gathered that they were not likely to oppose if Company desires to purchase.

12 December.  Major Ratcliffe reported purchase of Barley Mow, blacksmith’s shop and four cottages, Cosgrove for £1220; solicitors instructed to convey. 

NRO NBP 55       Econ Hist Inns  16 Sept 1921                 

Barley mow Cosgrove, reported as being now closed, the tenants, Keech, having no money to pay for beer.

19 October.  Reported that Barley Mow licence was temporarily transferred to M E Jelley on 17 October and Keech had left premises.

PRO, ED 21/36714

1922

DV' s report on proposed purchase of house for head. In occupation of H. Garrett (headmaster); evidently the house owned by canal co. Low rent of £12 p.a.; valued at £725 freehold. Brick and blue slated double-fronted house in poor state of repair. Entrance lobby. two front sitting rooms, kitchen, scullery, store, pantry, 3 beds (one very small), pony stable. Large garden. No water supply, now sewer, no artificial light.

No bathroom, wc or oven privy mentioned.

1 Nov. 1922. LEA to Board. We have opportunity to buy house for head. ‘The housing question is, and always has been, acute in the village of Cosgrove'. Wolverton works and LNWR within easy reach and for years the bulk of the cottages have been tenants by men in works. Two years ago the lord of the manor, to whom almost all the cottages in the village belong, decided to sell house by house. Bulk was disposed of mainly to Wolverton workmen, and LEA unable to purchase, but was able to buy a plot of land, which head is using as a garden, until building costs fall and LEA can build a house.

At beginning of this year LEA unexpectedly approached by Grand Junction. Almost the only property in village which is not owned by occupier comprise one or two houses owned by canal co. and let to employees. One has been let to head; canal co. have said they will sell freehold for £250. LEA sees this as only chance; also impending retirement of head would probably force LEA to build for his successor. Negotiations with canal co. have agreed £300. DV says £275; LEA will find difference. Local pressure for houses continues and LEA would have been prepared to bid £300 if canal co. had gone to auction, as they threatened, when they would probably have got more.

NRO NBP 55       Econ Hist Inns  1924                 

Purchased by Phipps for £800 plus £40 agents’ commission of the Plough Inn, Cosgrove, from Mr A. Andrew.

NRO NBP 55       Econ Hist Inns  1924                 

Co. offered small field adjoining Barge Inn, Cosgrove.

24 September bought for £75 from Mrs Alice T Feil.

NRO, NBP 56, 14 Sept 1932      Econ Hist Brewery  

Reported that Cosgrove Brewery, with consent of the chairman, had been sold to R W Dickins, builder, Hanslope, for £1000; Co’s solicitors instructed to convey.

NRO, LG 31/9,

11 Nov. 1932

Minister gives formal approval to go ahead with following housing scheme on basis of tenders previously received. All held up for time by financial crisis and pressure from ministry to reduce size of programme and size of house.

Ashton

8 houses

Lepper

£2154

Cosgrove

6

Grundon

£1675

Grafton Regis

4

Buswell

£1086

Potterspury

12

Lepper

£3298

This is 30 out of previous programme of 32; the other two were to have been at Paulerspury.

NRO, 81p/502

27 March 1940. No parishioners attended annual meeting.

22 April Annual meeting of parish council routine.

21 Sept. Clerk had been approached by families rendered homeless by air raids in London asking to rent condemned parish council houses. RDC have agreed that they may be re-let in exceptional circumstances, on old rents, tenants to do internal repairs, council finding materials.

NRO, 81p/502

11 March 1946. Parish meeting for election of councillors (first post-war council). 'Large attendance'. But only eight nominations handed in initially. Three more handed in after clerk explains that there are nine places: One withdraws during questions. Show of hands elects nine of the ten remaining candidates, including first women members: Mabel Jelley is second highest in voting; Ada Lilian Smith is fourth highest; Joan Wake also elected. Successful candidates get between 51 and 20 votes; tenth candidate gets 12.

Parish meeting then follows. RDC to be pressed for sewerage scheme (proposed Miss Wake, seconded Mrs Jelley) and parish pressed to adopt Lighting Act.

22 March. Still applications to rent condemned cottages. Will continue to do so if RDC allows.

27 April. Annual parish council meeting. Two candidates for chairman; the one proposed by Joan Wake elected on a show of hands. Committee appointed to investigate street lighting.

3 May. Parish meeting re Victory celebrations. Vol. subs. plus £10 from parish council; Old Stratford to get one-third of total. Miss Wake proposes that owing to world food shortage, only children and old people be fed, everyone else to bring their own. Agreed.

8 July. Parish meeting to discuss adopting Lighting & Watching Act 1833. 25 parishioners present. Carried unanimously on show of hands; proposed by Miss Wake and Mrs Jelley. 18 lights to be installed, 11 in Cosgrove, 7 in Old Stratford. Parish council authorised to levy rate; cost to be spread over five years.

28 Sept. PCC advise they do not intend to enlarge churchyard; parish council to call parish meeting to discuss a new burial ground.

18 Oct. RDC have requisitioned condemned vacant cottage Diocese will not give any church land for a new burial ground; RDC will not provide.

21 Oct. 1946. Parish meeting re burial ground. 14 present Rural dean advises only 15 places left in churchyard; PCC will not enlarge. Agreed 14 – 0 to provide a parish burial ground by adopting Burial Acts 1852-1906. Quarter of an acre deemed sufficient for 40 – 50 years; plot next to present burial ground selected. Proposed to consecrate half ground; amendment to consecrate whole carried 10 – 2.

7 Dec. RDC housing scheme discussed: to ask when houses would be ready and how many.

11 March 1947. Newly inducted rector opposed site of burial ground because loss of income from letting. But offered piece of old orchard nearby.

In folder about old Parish Council Cottage, also letter 22 Sept. 1948 from RDC to parish, saying that RDC propose to erect a pair of bungalows as permanent housing in Cosgrove on a site comprising garden to old parish cottages, site of old cottages, three condemned cottages called New Buildings, and other cottages already purchased by council and cleared. Further considerable improvements will be made to village by demolishing the cottages at New Buildings and, with two small plots of adjoining land, erecting the bungalows. Will parish please agree to sell garden.

29 Sept. 1949. Strong letter from DV re parish holding out for £30 for old garden, whereas DV's figure is £15. You do not understand effect of TCPA and a recent High Court case on value of garden ground. RDC will have to CPO land if you do not agree to £15.

Plan showing proposed housing site shows it on south side of The Green, almost opposite Plough Inn, part of OS 224, rest of which appears to be small cottages.

21 Oct. DV to parish. To save time I will agree £20 for the garden.

15 Nov. Note of parish meeting agreeing to sale for £20.

22 March 1949. Annual parish meeting. Disquiet at low rental income from farm for Whalley's Charity: strong resolution to be sent to trustees. Chairman reports street lighting in Cosgrove going ahead; resolution passed pressing for Old Stratford to be lit as well. Parish council meeting follows. Lighting agreement for Cosgrove signed. Conveyance of burial ground site agreed.

11 May. Burial ground ready to be conveyed; Atkinsons to be approached re their promised gift. Old Stratford portion of lighting scheme should be ready for autumn. DV told that £30 considered fair for garden wanted by RDC for housing.

 24 May. Annual parish council meeting. Miss Wake elected chairman. Capt. and Mrs Atkinson had given £50 to cover cost of purchasing burial ground site.

4 Aug. Burial ground conveyance signed. RDC ask for obs. re NCC plan to alter Deanshanger pa. boundary to include whole of Old Stratford bridge in Bucks. Parish council approves. But opposes plan for Wolverton UDC to take over Old Stratford, which should remain in Northants.

11 Oct. Price for parish garden lowered to £20 on receipt of another offer from DV of £15. Bishop to be asked to consecrate whole of new burial ground.

15 Nov. Parish meeting to approve sale of garden for £20. Approved 7-0.

20 Dec. Reginald Philip Theodore Whiting, The Lodge, Cosgrove, returned unopposed to fill a casual vacancy. Home Office will not allow consecration of whole of burial ground. Major Fermor-Hesketh thanked for donation of £50 towards burial ground and offer of York stone for paving. RDC report they have completed street naming and numbering of Old Stratford.

17 Jan. 1950. Howes Percival for RDC to parish. We have agreed to buy 422 sq. yd at £20. Please send information we need for contract. Howes also acting for parish.

8 Dec. Howes Percival to parish. Please get a statutory declaration from Mr Williams re title to this land.

2 March. 1950. Parish meeting to be asked for rate levy to meet part of cost of burial ground.

21 March 1950. Annual parish meeting, held for first time in Victory Hall (previously in Council Schools). Long discussion about burial ground: agreed to find last £85 needed by vol. sub. Lighting in Cosgrove for first time 2 Sept. 1949, in Old Stratford in Nov. 1949. Eleven lamps in Cosgrove and seven in Old Stratford. Old Stratford residents ask for their lighting to be extended.

Parish meeting afterwards. Unsigned letter from Old  Stratford re a meeting to form a separate parish to lie on the table.

26 May. Annual parish council meeting. Miss wake re-elected chairman. Subs. for burial ground have covered cost. Letter from Old Stratford WI reporting public meeting held 21 March 1950 requesting county council to form new parish of Old Stratford, also letter from NCC saying local inquiry had been arranged for 19 June 1950. To call parish meeting to discuss. Min. Transport refuse to install traffic lights at crossroads in Old Stratford after holding traffic census.

14 June. Parish meeting to agree extra lighting precept and discuss Old Stratford, now divided between Cosgrove, Furtho and Deanshanger. Would mean that about one third of Cosgrove would go into new parish. Resolution that Cosgrove parish be extended on NW side to high road from Cobbs Bush Farm Hill to Dogs Mouth Bridge. Mentioned that Old Stratford had contributed to new Cosgrove burial ground: should pay lower fees. But resolution passed unanimously wishing Old Stratford 'good luck in their new venture'.

Parish council meets afterwards to discuss. To inform NCC about effect of change on local charities. Chairman to represent council at local inquiry.

15 Aug. R.P.T. Whiting resigns from council on leaving parish. Asks to reconsider; Major Fermor-Hesketh asked to consider being elected. Miss Wake reports NCC decision: to create new parish with a parish council and one RD councillor; to abolish Furtho and transfer parts not transferred to Old Stratford to Cosgrove and Potterspury, To take effect 1 April 1951. Arrangements for consecrating burial ground discussed.

13 March 1951. Annual parish meeting. Miss Wake reports year’s work. Burial ground consecrated 3 Sept. 1950. Parish council afterwards; most details of new burial ground.

30 May. Annual parish council meeting. Miss Wake re-elected chairman. Map of new parish boundaries received.  Conveyance of old garden site to RDC for £20 signed.

26 March 1954. Annual parish meeting. Six parishioners present. Parish council afterwards. Routine.

21 May. Annual parish meeting. Suggest Manor Close as name for new housing estate on Yardley Road.

11 Aug. F.A.A. Hewson writes offering the walled kitchen garden as gift to village for a recreation ground. Accepted with thanks.

21 Sept. Solicitors instructed re rec. land. Parish meeting to be called to form committee. Complaints re position of phone box now that new housing estate is occupied and people have moved from lower part of village. PO to be ask to move to crossroads near Jubilee seat.

8 Oct. Parish meeting. Northants Playing Field Assn gives details of grants etc. to develop rec. Vol. committee formed to raise funds.

28 Jan. 1955. PO will not move phone box.

16 March 1960. Annual parish meeting. Discussion about playground site offered by Mr Hewson. Noted that it was 56 years since F. G. Branson had taken away playground near old School. Vote to accept. Carried 12-4.

1 June Annual meeting of parish council. Work to start on playground.

6 July. Work in hand on playground; plaque commemorating gift to be fixed; opening ceremony to be held. Conveyance finally signed.

28 Sept. Meeting with playground committee to discuss equipping playground.

PRO, D 4/1491

1949-1964

Disposal of temporary village hall, Cosgrove. Memo from DV Northampton to chief valuer, Development Commission, re request for valuation of hall by NCSS. Request on standard form dated 9 June, valuation 15 Dec. 1964.

On request form: population of area of benefit 360. Type of building: standard Min. Works but 60 x 24. Cost to NCSS of erection £1,874. Expenses by local committee: bathroom, committee room and kitchen £260, new floor £160, heating £180, additional electrics £85, improvement to stage £95. Total £760. Date opened 30 July 1949. Freehold. Planning permission permanent. Local correspondent: Mr A. Rickaby, Old Dower House, Cosgrove. 'This is a straightforward case'.

Valuer's report: valuation for purpose of disposal to village hall committee. Single-storey brick building with corrugated asbestos roof, formerly Min. Works hut now village hall. Vestibule, main hall, lavatories. 1,440 sq. ft., excl. kitchen and boilerhouse erected at expense of local committee. Site is freehold, owned by local committee. Occupied by committee at standard uneconomic rent of £13 p.a. Expected life not less than 60 years; planning permission permanent. Maintained to reasonable state of repair by committee. Main water and electricity; drainage to septic tank. Valuation £450, which has been agreed by Village Hall Committee.

NRO 81p/504    Parish Council minutes  Econ Hist  Mill 1979-80    

31 Jan 1979. Planning application from Peter Haddon and Partners on behalf of Sir Hereward Wake and Courteenhall Estate to restore Priory Mill. South Northants ask for any known history, especially last residential use.

28 Feb. Clerk has written to SNDC saying mill last worked as such in 1928 and that adjoining house was then occupied by a Mr Simpson [no record of this name]. It was then empty until 1971 when it was burned down and had been derelict since.

25 April. SNDC have told Haddon that planning permission will be needed for restoration of mill.

30 May 1979. Application received for restoration of Priory Mill to four bedroomed detached dwelling. No objections.

25 July. SNDC have refused application for residential conversion of mill.

28 Nov. Notice of appeal over mill decision from SNDC. Parish council support appeal.

Mill refusal to be appealed to DoE. Council reiterate support.

30 July 1980. DoE have dismissed appeal.

NRO, 81p/552 25

1989

Jan. 1989. Deed between Derrick Arnold Cannings of 25 Bridge Road, Cosgrove (1), and J.T. Francis of 4 Mansel Close, Cosgrove, and M.L. Phillips of 11 Mansel Close as members of Cosgrove parish council (2). To define boundaries between two plots. (1) owns western half of old brewery property; (2) owns plot 7 from rectory grounds sale, which abuts old brewery property. Boundary line at rear of these properties defined on plan in deed.

Plan shows layout of out brewery buildings, with a building added at back labelled proposed engineering workshop. Probably executed to settle boundary before this was built on brewery site.